Happenings at This Day in History

About a year ago I stopped making regular updates to this blog to concentrate on my Namnesia Antidote blog. While that is an ongoing effort, I am starting what should be about a year long effort to revitalize the concept of a "This Day in History" blog. I have decided to leave this blog intact and as-is, using a new "This Day in History 2.0" blog for my expanded and full version. Please feel free to email with your ideas. The two tables below should allow you to find a posting for the "Day in History" you wish to research.

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Monday, November 13, 2006

November 13......

November 13 is the 317th day of the year (318th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. There are 48 days remaining in the year on this date.


● 354 - Birth of St. Augustine of Hippo, greatest of the Early Latin Church Fathers. Of his many writings, two have endured: "Confessions" describes the circumstances leading to his conversion to the Christian faith, and "The City of God" was written as a Christian view of the sacking of Rome by the Visigoths in the year 410.

● 1002 - English king Ethelred ordered killing of all Danes in England, known today as the St. Brice's Day massacre.

● 1518 - Velasquez obtains Crown authority to colonize the new countries in the Americas.

● 1564 - Pius IV ordered his bishops and scholars to subscribe to "Professio Fidei," the Profession of the Tridentine Faith recently formulated at the Council of Trent (1545_63) as the new and final definition of the Roman Catholic faith.

● 1618 - In the Dutch commune of Dordrecht, the Synod of Dort convened to discuss the Arminian controversy vexing the Reformed faith. In the end, about 200 Arminian (Remonstrant) ministers were deposed and fifteen were placed under arrest and later expelled from the country.

● 1775 - American Revolutionary War: Patriot revolutionary forces under Col. Ethan Allen attack Montreal defended by British General Guy Carleton. Allen and his troops were disorganized and soundly defeated; however, U.S. Brigadier General Richard Montgomery's force entered Montreal unopposed.

● 1789 - Benjamin Franklin wrote in a letter to a friend, ''In this world nothing can be said to be certain, except death and taxes.''

● 1804 - Anglican missionary to Persia, Henry Martyn wrote in his journal: 'God and eternal things are my only pleasure.'

● 1805 - Johann George Lehner, a Viennese butcher, invented a recipe and called it the "frankfurter."

● 1839 - First U.S. anti-slavery political party (Liberal Party) established.

● 1841 - James Braid first sees a demonstration of animal magnetism, which leads to his study of the subject he eventually calls hypnosis.

● 1843 - Mount Rainier erupts.

● 1851 - The Denny Party lands at Alki Point, the first settlers of what will become Seattle, Washington.

● 1854 - Over 300 perish as immigrant vessel New Era founders off New Jersey coast.

● 1887 - Police charge a crowd of unemployed protesters in Trafalgar Square, London, killing three and arresting over 300. The "Bloody Sunday" incident was a turning point in British struggles for free speech rights.

● 1893 - Leon-Jules Leauthier, young anarchist shoe-maker, stabs and seriously wounds minister of Serbia in Paris. Condemned to life in prison, he was killed during the suppression of the ïles du Salut prison revolt in October 1894.

● 1908 - Andrew Fisher becomes the 5th Prime Minister of Australia.

● 1909 – St. Paul Coal Mine Disaster in Cherry, Illinois. 259 men and boys working in the mine die.

● 1909 - Collier's magazine accuses U.S. Secretary of the Interior Richard Ballinger of questionable dealings in Alaskan coal fields.

● 1915 - D. H. Lawrence's novel "The Rainbow" judged obscene by Bow Street court.

● 1916 - Prime Minister of Australia William Morris Hughes is expelled from the Labor Party over his support for conscription.

● 1922 - U.S. Supreme Court's Ozawa decision says members of certain ethnic groups are not entitled to naturalized citizenship since they are clearly "not Caucasian." The ruling came in the case of Takao Ozawa, whose citizenship application was denied in 1914. He arrived in the U.S. in 1894, graduated from a Berkeley high school, and attended the University of California for three years. He then moved to Hawaii and worked for an American company, attended an American church, and sent his children to American schools.

● 1927 - The Holland Tunnel linking New York City and New Jersey beneath the Hudson River opened to the public.

● 1933 - First sit-down strike in U.S. history begins at Hormel meat-packing plant, Austin, Minn.

● 1940 - The Walt Disney movie "Fantasia" had its world premiere at New York's Broadway Theater.

● 1940 - U.S. Supreme Court rules in Hansberry v. Lee that whites cannot bar African-Americans from white neighborhoods. Case brought by wealthy real-estate broker Carl Hansberry of Chicago; ruling allows Hansberry family, including 10-year-old daughter Lorraine, to move into a white neighborhood.

● 1941 - World War II: The aircraft carrier HMS Ark Royal is torpedoed by U 81, she sinks on November 14.

● 1942 - U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt signed a measure lowering the minimum draft age from 21 to 18.

● 1942 - World War II: Naval Battle of Guadalcanal - U.S. and Japanese ships engage in an intense, close-quarters surface naval engagement during the Battle of Guadalcanal

● 1945 - General Motots workers' strike closes 96 plants.

● 1949 - Birth of Caryn Johnson, New York. Grows up in the ghettos of New York, overcomes drug addiction and poverty, and becomes known as Whoopi Goldberg, multitalented comedienne and actress.

● 1950 - General Carlos Delgado Chalbaud is assassinated in Caracas.

● 1954 - Great Britain defeated France to capture the first ever Rugby League World Cup in Paris in front of around 30,000 spectators.

● 1956 - U.S. Supreme Court upholds a lower court decision banning segregation on city buses in Montgomery, Alabama. Establishes grounds for challenging bus segregation in nine states that have violated the 15th Amendment. This ended the Montgomery Bus Boycott.

● 1960 - Sammy Davis, Jr. marries Swedish actress May Britt. Interracial marriage was still illegal in 31 US states out of 50.

● 1961 - Vladimir Yefimovich Semichastny succeeds Aleksandr Nikolayevich Shelepin as head of the KGB.

● 1962 - The name of St. Joseph was added to the canon of the Roman Catholic mass. It constituted the first alteration made to this canon since the seventh century. (Thus making Italian communities the world over extremely happy who consider St. Joseph their patron saint.)

● 1965 - The SS Yarmouth Castle burns and sinks 60 miles off Nassau with the loss of 90 lives.

● 1967 - Scandalously nude musical "Hair" opens in New York City.

● 1968 - The barge Hess Hustler, carrying 1.8 million gallons of oil, grounded on Delaware beach, doing, in the words of the Smithsonian Institution, "much harm to the ecology."

● 1968 - Andre Prudhommeaux dies. Anarchist bookstore owner.

● 1969 - Quintuplets born at London hospital; Britain's first live quintuplets born in the 20th century make satisfactory progress at Queen Charlotte's maternity hospital in London.

● 1969 - In New York, bombs have exploded over the past several days in the RCA building, Rockefeller Center, the GM building on 5th Avenue, the Chase Manhattan Plaza, the United Fruit Company pier, the Criminal Courts building, the Marine Midland Grace Trust Company, and several other Federal and Corporate buildings, to protest government/corporate Vietnam War policy.

● 1969 - Vietnam War: Anti-war protesters in Washington, DC stage a symbolic "March Against Death." This is the Second National Moratorium; Nov 13-15 Weathermen, led by Rubin and Hoffman march on Justice Department.

● 1969 - Vice President Spiro T. Agnew accused network TV news departments of bias and distortion, and urged viewers to lodge complaints.

● 1970 - The worst cyclone (150 miles per hour winds) on record and the most deadly natural disaster of the 20th century hits East Pakistan (Bangladesh). Losses included more than a million acres of rice paddies (including app. 800,000 tons of grain), a million head of livestock, and an estimated 200,000 to 500,000 human lives. Delayed and halfhearted rescue and relief attempts on the part of the distant capital resulted in the death of thousands more and created a refugee population that numbered in the tens of thousands. This precipitated the civil war which eventually led to the establishment of Bangladesh.

● 1970 - Three million gallons of crankcase oil discharged into Pennsylvania's Schuykill River.

● 1971 - The American space probe, Mariner 9, became the first spacecraft to orbit another planet, swinging into its planned trajectory around Mars without a hitch. Scientists are forced to wait for clear pictures because of a Martian dust storm.

● 1974 - Karen Silkwood, a technician and union activist at the Kerr-McGee Cimarron plutonium plant near Crescent, Okla., was murdered (setup to appear as car accident) en route to an interview with New York Times reporter David Burnham. All her documentation of safety violations disappear.

● 1974 - Ronald DeFeo, Jr. murders his family in Amityville, New York (Amityville Horror)

● 1977 - The comic strip ''Li'l Abner'' by Al Capp appeared in newspapers for the last time.

● 1979 - Times returns after year-long dispute; The (London) Times newspaper is published for the first time in nearly a year.

● 1979 - Former California Gov. Ronald Reagan announced his candidacy for the Republican presidential nomination.

● 1982 - Lech Walesa, former leader of Polish labor union, Solidarity, freed after 11 months internment during martial law and outlawing of Solidarity. Government declares Walesa "no longer a threat to internal security."

● 1982 - A boxing match held in Las Vegas, Nevada ends when Ray Mancini defeats Kim Duk Koo. Kim's death on November 17 led to significant changes in the sport.

● 1982 - The Vietnam Veterans Memorial is dedicated in Washington D.C. after a march to its site by thousands of Vietnam War veterans.

● 1984 - A libel suit against Time, Inc. by former Israeli Defense Minister Ariel Sharon went to trial in New York.

● 1985 - At 9:08 PM, Nevado del Ruiz, the highest active volcano in the Andes Mountains of Colombia, suffers a mild eruption that generates a series of lava flows and surges over the volcano's broad ice-covered summit. Flowing mixtures of water, ice, pumice, and other rock debris pour off the summit and sides of the volcano, forming "lahars" that flood into the river valleys surrounding Ruiz. They join normal river channels, and disastrous flooding and mudslides ensue. Within four hours of the eruption, the lahars travel over 60 miles, killing more than 23,000 people, injuring over 5,000, and destroying more than 5,000 homes.

● 1985 - Xavier Suarez is sworn in as Miami's first Cuban-born mayor.

● 1986 - U.S. President Ronald Reagan publicly acknowledged that the U.S. had sent "defensive weapons and spare parts" to Iran. He denied that the shipments were sent to free hostages, but that they had been sent to improve relations.

● 1986 - Seven Peace Brigades International observers beaten by police outside an Organization of American States conference, Guatemala City, Guatemala.

● 1989 - Czechoslovakia opens its borders, just days after the Berlin Wall tumbles.

● 1989 - Salvadoran air force bombs poor neighborhoods of San Salvador to flush out guerrillas.

● 1990 - The World Wide Web first began.

● 1991 - Beauty and The Beast is released in theatres

● 1991 - Roger Clemens won his third Cy Young Award for the American League.

● 1994 - In San Francisco, CA, a heavily armed gunman traded fire with police, hitting two police officers, a paramedic and another person before being killed.

● 1994 - Voters in Sweden decide to join the European Union in a public referendum.

● 1995 - Ecstasy pill puts party girl in coma; An 18-year-old student is on a life-support machine after taking an ecstasy tablet at her 18th birthday party.

● 1995 - Greg Maddox (Atlanta Braves) became the first major league pitcher to win four consecutive Cy Young Awards.

● 1995 - Seven people, including five Americans are killed in a car bomb attack at a U.S. military headquarters in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.

● 1997 - Iraq expelled six U.N. arms inspectors that were U.S. citizens.

● 1997 - The Disney musical ''The Lion King'' opened on Broadway.

● 1998 - President Bill Clinton agreed to pay Paula Jones $850,000, ending the four-year legal battle over her sexual harassment lawsuit that spurred impeachment proceedings against him. Clinton did not admit guilt or apologize.

● 1998 - "The Wizard of Oz" was released on the big screen by Warner Bros. 59 years after its original release.

● 1998 - Monica Lewinsky signed a deal with St. Martin's Press for the North American rights to her story about her affair with U.S. President Bill Clinton.

● 2001 - Doha Round: The World Trade Organization ends a four-day ministerial conference in Doha, Qatar.

● 2001 - War on Terrorism: Afghanistan's ruling Taliban abandoned the capital Kabul without a fight, allowing U.S.-backed northern alliance fighters to take over the city.

● 2001 - War on Terrorism: In the first such act since World War II, US President George W. Bush signs an executive order allowing military tribunals against any foreigners suspected of having connections to terrorist acts or planned acts on the United States.

● 2002 - Iraq disarmament crisis: Iraq agrees to the terms of the UN Security Council Resolution 1441 allowing the return of international weapons inspectors to Iraq.

● 2002 - The oil tanker Prestige sinks off the Galician coast and causes a huge oil spill.

● 2003 - Alabama Chief Justice Roy Moore, who had refused to remove a granite Ten Commandments monument from the state courthouse, was thrown off the bench by a judicial ethics panel for having ''placed himself above the law.''

● 2005 - Chicago Bears cornerback Nathan Vasher returns a missed field goal 108 yards against the San Francisco 49ers, the longest play in NFL history.


● 354 - Saint Augustine of Hippo, North African theologian and Roman bishop(d. 430)

● 1312 - King Edward III of England (1327-77) (d. 1377)

● 1486 - Johann Eck, German theologian (d. 1543)

● 1504 - Philipp I of Hesse (d. 1567)

● 1710 - Charles Simon Favart, French dramatist (d. 1792)

● 1714 - William Shenstone, English poet (d. 1763)

● 1732 - John Dickinson, American lawyer and Governor of Delaware and Pennsylvania (d. 1808)

● 1760 - Jiaqing, Emperor of China (d. 1820)

● 1761 - John Moore, British general (d. 1809)

● 1768 - Bertel Thorvaldsen, Danish sculptor (d. 1844)

● 1792 - Edward Trelawny, English author (d. 1881)

● 1814 - Joseph Hooker, American General (d. 1879)

● 1826 - Charles Frederick Worth, English-born couturier (d. 1895)

● 1833 - Edwin Booth, American actor (d. 1893)

● 1838 - Joseph Fielding Smith, president of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, (d. 1918)

● 1841 - Edward Burd Grubb - American Civil War Brevet Brigadier General (d.1913)

● 1848 - Albert I, Prince of Monaco (d. 1922)

● 1850 - Robert Louis Stevenson in Edinburgh, Scotland, Scottish author best known for "Treasure Island" and “The Strange Case of Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde” (d. 1894)

● 1853 - John Drew Jr., American actor (d. 1927)

● 1856 - Louis Brandeis, U.S. Supreme Court Justice (1916-39) in Louisville, KY (d. 1941)

● 1862 - Mary Henrietta Kingsley, English traveler and writer (d. 1900)

● 1869 - Ariadna Tyrkova-Williams, Russian feminist (d. 1962)

● 1878 - Max Dehn, German mathematician (d. 1952)

● 1886 - Mary Wigman, German dancer and choreographer (d. 1973)

● 1906 - Hermione Baddeley, English actress (d. 1986)

● 1906 - Eva Zeisel, American industrial designer

● 1908 - C. Vann Woodward, American historian

● 1910 - William Bradford Huie, American journalist, editor, publisher and author (d. 1986)

● 1913 - Alexander Scourby, American actor (d. 1985)

● 1913 - Helen Mack, American actress (d. 1986)

● 1914 - Alberto Lattuada, Italian film director (d. 2005)

● 1918 - Jack Elam, American actor (d. 2003)

● 1922 - Jack Narz, American game show host

● 1922 - Oskar Werner, Austrian actor (d. 1984)

● 1922 - Madeleine Sherwood, Actress

● 1924 - Linda Christian, Mexican-born actress

● 1924 - Motoo Kimura, Japanese geneticist (d. 1994)

● 1928 - Steve Bilko, Baseball player (d. 1978)

● 1929 - Fred Phelps, leader of the Westboro Baptist Church

● 1933 - Adrienne Corri, Scottish actress

● 1934 - Garry Marshall, American producer, director, writer, and actor

● 1935 - Tom Atkins, American actor

● 1935 - George Carey, Archbishop of Canterbury

● 1938 - Jean Seberg, American actress (d. 1979)

● 1939 - Idris Muhammad, American jazz drummer

● 1941 - Mel Stottlemyre, baseball player and coach

● 1942 - John Hammond, American musician

● 1946 - Ray Wylie Hubbard, Country singer-songwriter

● 1947 - Joe Mantegna, American actor

● 1948 - Sheila Frazier, Actress

● 1950 - Mary Lou Metzger, American singer, The Lawrence Welk Show

● 1950 - Gilbert Perreault, Canadian ice hockey player

● 1951(53? NYT) - Frances Conroy, American actress (''Six Feet Under'')

● 1953 - Andrew Ranken, Rock musician (''The Pogues'')

● 1954 - Scott McNealy, CEO of Sun Microsystems

● 1954 - Chris Noth, American actor (''Law and Order,'' ''Sex and the City'')

● 1955 - Whoopi Goldberg, American actress, comedian, and singer

● 1956 - Ginger Alden, American actress

● 1956 - Rex Linn, Actor (''CSI: Miami'')

● 1959 - Caroline Goodall, Actress

● 1960 - Neil Flynn, Actor (''Scrubs'')

● 1963 - Vinny Testaverde, American football player

● 1964 - Walter Kibby, Rock musician (Fishbone)

● 1967 - Jimmy Kimmel, American comedian and talk-show host

● 1968 - Steve Zahn, Actor

● 1968 - Pat Hentgen, baseball player

● 1969 - Gerard Butler, Scottish actor

● 1969 - Lori Berenson, U.S. journalist

● 1972 - Takuya Kimura, Japanese singer and actor

● 1976 - Hiroshi Tanahashi, Japanese professional wrestler

● 1977 - Chanel Cole, Australian singer

● 1978 - Nikolai Fraiture Bass player for NYC based band The Strokes

● 1979 - Ron Artest, American basketball player

● 1979 - Subliminal, Israeli rapper and producer

● 1980 - Monique Coleman, American actress

● 1981 - Mark Cardona, Filipino basketball player

● 1982 - Samkon Gado, American football player

● 1982 - Kumi Koda, Japanese singer


● 867 - Pope Nicholas I

● 1004 - Abbon of Fleury

● 1093 - King Malcolm III of Scotland (b. 1031)

● 1143 - King Fulk of Jerusalem

● 1170 - Albert I of Brandenburg

● 1314 - Albert the Degenerate

● 1345 - Constance of Penafiel, wife of Pedro I of Portugal (b. 1323)

● 1359 - Ivan II of Russia, Grand Prince of Moscow (b. 1326)

● 1460 - Prince Henry the Navigator, Portuguese patron of exploration (b. 1394)

● 1606 - Geronimo Mercuriali, Italian philologist and physician (b. 1530)

● 1619 - Ludovico Carracci, Italian painter (b. 1555)

● 1770 - George Grenville, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (b. 1712)

● 1771 - Konrad Ernst Ackermann, German actor (b. 1712)

● 1862 - Ludwig Uhland, German poet (b. 1787)

● 1867 - Adolphe Napoleon Didron, French archaeologist (b. 1806)

● 1868 - Gioacchino Rossini, Italian composer (b. 1792)

● 1903 - Camille Pissarro, French painter (b. 1830)

● 1952 - Margaret Wise Brown, American children's author (b. 1910)

● 1954 - Paul Ludwig Ewald von Kleist, German field marshal (b. 1881)

● 1967 - Harriet Cohen, English pianist (b. 1895)

● 1973 - Lila Lee, American actress (b. 1901)

● 1974 - Vittorio De Sica, Italian film director (b. 1901)

● 1974 - Karen Silkwood, American activist (b. 1946)

● 1975 - Olga Berggolts, Russian poet (b. 1910)

● 1988 - Antal Dorati, Hungarian conductor (b. 1906)

● 1988 - Jaromír Vejvoda, Czech composer (b. 1902)

● 1994 - Motoo Kimura, Japanese geneticist (b. 1924)

● 1996 - Swami Rama, Himalayan yoga master (b. 1925)

● 1997 - André Boucourechliev, French composer (b. 1925)

● 1997 - Dawud M. Mu'Min, American convicted murderer (b. 1953)

● 1998 - Michel Trudeau, Canadian outdoorsman, son of Pierre Trudeau (b. 1975)

● 2003 - Kellie Waymire, American actress (b. 1967)

● 2004 - John Balance, English musician and artist (b. 1962)

● 2004 - Ol' Dirty Bastard, American rapper (b. 1968)

● 2005 - Eddie Guerrero, Mexican-born professional wrestler (b. 1967)


● Roman Catholic Saints:
● St. Homobonus
● St. Frances Xavier Cabrini (Mother Cabrini, virgin, (1850-1917) first American Roman Catholic Satint)
● St. Bricius of Tours (Brice)
● St. Didacus, confessor
● St. Abbo
● St. Arcadius and Companions
● St. Caillin
● St. Chillien
● St. Columba
● St. Columba
● St. Dalmatius
● St. Devinicus
● St. Gredifael
● St. Quintian
● St. Maxellendis
● St. Mitrius

● Russian Orthodox Christian Menaion Calendar October 28 (Civil Date: November 13)
● Martyrs Terence and Neonilla and their children Sarbelus, Photus, Theodulus, Hierax, Nitus, Bele, and Eunice.
● St. Stephen of St. Sabbas' Monastery, hymnographer.
● Repose of St. Arsenius, Archbishop of Serbia.
● Great Martyr Parasceva of Iconium.
● Martyrs Africanus, Terence, Maximus, Pompeius, and 37 others, of Carthage.
● St. John the Chozebite, monk.
● Hieromartyr Cyriacus, Patriarch of Jerusalem, and his mother Martyr Anna.
● St. Firmilian, Bishop of Caesarea in Cappadocia, and St. Malchion, presbyter.
● St. Febronia, daughter of Emperor Heraclius.
● St. Neophytus, Bishop of Urbinsk in Georgia.
● Repose of St. Job of Pochaev.
● St. Demetrius, Metropolitan of Rostov.
● St. Nestor (not the Chronicler) of the Kiev Caves.
● St. Athanasius I, Patriarch of Constantinople (Mt. Athos.) .
● Righteous Virgin Parasceva of Pirimin on the Pinega River (Archangelsk).
● New Martyr Priest Michael Lektorsky (1921).

● Greek Calendar
● New Martyrs Angelis, Manuel, George and Nicholas, of Crete.
● Repose of Blessed Schema hieromonk Theophilus, fool for Christ of the Kiev Caves (1852).

● Roman Festival: - Iovis epulum; feast of Feronia

● Grenada and New Zealand: Remembrance Day

● Laos : King's Birthday

● Note: These holidays are only applicable on a given "day of the week"
● West Germany : Repentance Day – ( Wednesday )
● England : Lord Mayor's Day – ( Saturday )

Click on this LINK to see original Wikipedia list with many having links with details.

Additional facts taken from:

On this day in the New York Times

The BBC’s Take on the day

On This Day Website

Geov Parrish's this Day in Radical History, things that happened on this day that you never had to memorize in school.

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