Happenings at This Day in History

About a year ago I stopped making regular updates to this blog to concentrate on my Namnesia Antidote blog. While that is an ongoing effort, I am starting what should be about a year long effort to revitalize the concept of a "This Day in History" blog. I have decided to leave this blog intact and as-is, using a new "This Day in History 2.0" blog for my expanded and full version. Please feel free to email with your ideas. The two tables below should allow you to find a posting for the "Day in History" you wish to research.

A Proud Liberal


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Saturday, June 30, 2007

JUNE 2007

JUNE 2007 REGULAR POSTINGS
SUNMONTUEWEDTHUFRISAT
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JUNE 2007 SPECIAL POSTS
DATESUBJECT
June 30JUNE 2007 NASA ASTRONOMY PICTURE OF THE DAY GALLERY

JUNE 2007 NASA ASTRONOMY PICTURE OF THE DAY GALLERY

JUNE 2007 NASA ASTRONOMY PICTURE OF THE DAY GALLERY


Messier 65


Credit & Copyright: Volker Wendel
Click picture to go to NASA APOD site for full explanation



3D Full Moon


Credit & Copyright: Laurent Laveder (PixHeaven.net)
Click picture to go to NASA APOD site for full explanation



Shuttle Plume Shadow Points to Moon


Credit: Pat McCracken, NASA
Click picture to go to NASA APOD site for full explanation



IC 4603: Reflection Nebula in Ophiuchius


Credit & Copyright: Takayuki Yoshida
Click picture to go to NASA APOD site for full explanation



Jet Approaching a Crescent Moon


Credit & Copyright: Vincent Jacques
Click picture to go to NASA APOD site for full explanation



Dust Sculptures in the Rosette Nebula


Credit & Copyright: Ignacio de la Cueva Torregrosa
Click picture to go to NASA APOD site for full explanation



Great Mountain Moonrise


Credit & Copyright: Tunc Tezel
Click picture to go to NASA APOD site for full explanation



Markarian's Eyes


Credit & Copyright: Ken Crawford (Rancho Del Sol Observatory)
Click picture to go to NASA APOD site for full explanation



Globular Star Cluster M3


Credit & Copyright: Karel Teuwen
Click picture to go to NASA APOD site for full explanation



Looking Back at an Eclipsed Earth


Credit: Mir 27 Crew; Copyright: CNES
Click picture to go to NASA APOD site for full explanation



The Merope Reflection Nebula


Credit & Copyright: Jean-Charles Cuillandre (CFHT), Hawaiian Starlight, CFHT
Click picture to go to NASA APOD site for full explanation



Shuttle Plume


Credit: NASA, Ken Thornsley
Click picture to go to NASA APOD site for full explanation



Warped Sky: Star Trails Panorama


Credit & Copyright: Peter Ward
Click picture to go to NASA APOD site for full explanation



vdB 152: Reflection Nebula in Cepheus


Credit & Copyright: Giovanni Benintende
Click picture to go to NASA APOD site for full explanation



Messier 96


Credit & Copyright: Adam Block (Caelum Observatory), Acknowledgement: R. Jay GaBany
Click picture to go to NASA APOD site for full explanation



Lunar Orbiter Views Crater Copernicus


Credit: NASA, U.S. Geological Survey
Click picture to go to NASA APOD site for full explanation



Analemma over Ukraine


Credit & Copyright: Vasilij Rumyantsev ( Crimean Astrophysical Obsevatory)
Click picture to go to NASA APOD site for full explanation



Monitoring M2-9


Credit: R. Corradi, M. Santander-Garcia (Isaac Newton Group, IAC), Bruce Balick (U. Washington)
Click picture to go to NASA APOD site for full explanation



Eris: More Massive than Pluto


Credit & Copyright: Thierry Lombry
Click picture to go to NASA APOD site for full explanation



A Daylight Eclipse of Venus


Credit & Copyright: Peter Heinzen
Click picture to go to NASA APOD site for full explanation



Stars and the Solstice Sun


Composite Credit & Copyright: Jerry Lodriguss (Catching the Light)
Click picture to go to NASA APOD site for full explanation



Small Worlds Ceres and Vesta


Credit : NASA, ESA, L.McFadden, J.Y.Li (UMCP), M.Mutchler, Z.Levay (STScI), P.Thomas (Cornell), J.Parker, E.Young (SwRI), C.Russell, B.Schmidt (UCLA)
Click picture to go to NASA APOD site for full explanation



3D Barringer Meteorite Crater


Credit & Copyright: Stefan Seip (Astro Meeting)
Click picture to go to NASA APOD site for full explanation



All the Colors of the Sun


Credit & Copyright: Nigel Sharp (NSF), FTS, NSO, KPNO, AURA, NSF
Click picture to go to NASA APOD site for full explanation



The International Space Station Expands Again


Credit: STS-117 Shuttle Crew, NASA
Click picture to go to NASA APOD site for full explanation



Wisps of the Iris Nebula


Credit & Copyright: Thomas V. Davis (tvdavisastropix.com)
Click picture to go to NASA APOD site for full explanation



Neon Saturn


Credit: VIMS Team, U. Arizona, ESA, NASA
Click picture to go to NASA APOD site for full explanation



A Visit from Atlantis


Credit & Copyright: Ron Dantowitz, Marek Kozubal, Clay Center Observatory, Dexter and Southfield Schools
Click picture to go to NASA APOD site for full explanation



Cat's Eye Wide and Deep


Credit & Copyright: Johannes Schedler (Panther Observatory)
Click picture to go to NASA APOD site for full explanation



Jumbled Galaxy Centaurus A


Credit & Copyright: Robert Gendler and Stephane Guisard
Click picture to go to NASA APOD site for full explanation

June 30......

June 30 is the 181st (182nd in leap years) day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. There are 184 days remaining in the year on this date.

Best Liberal Quote of the Day: On Media "What journalism is really about; it's to monitor power and the centers of power." — Amira Hass

Stupidest Quote from the Right for the Day: On Obtuseness "Without censorship, things can get terribly confused in the public mind." — William Westmoreland, U.S. Army general on the war in Vietnam

Thought for the day: "The light of a hundred stars doesn't equal the light of the moon."

{Disclaimer: I have attempted to give credit to the many different sources that I get entries. Any failure to do so is unintentional. Any statement enclosed by brackets like these are the opinion of the blogger, A Proud Liberal.}


NASA ASTRONOMY PICTURE OF THE DAY

Jumbled Galaxy Centaurus A


Credit & Copyright: Robert Gendler and Stephane Guisard
Click picture to go to NASA APOD site for full explanation


EVENTS

● 296 - St. Marcellinus begins his reign as Catholic Pope

● 350 - Roman usurper Nepotianus, of the Constantinian dynasty, is defeated and killed by troops of the usurper Magnentius, in Rome.

● 1097 - The Crusaders defeated the Turks at Dorylaeum.

● 1294 - Jews are expelled from Berne Switzerland

● 1422 - Battle of Arbedo between the duke of Milan and the Swiss cantons.

● 1520 - Montezuma and Aztec nobles murdered by Cortes. Aztecs counterattack Spanish and their Tlaxcalan allies, killing two-thirds of them.

● 1607 - Annales Ecclesiastici (Scientific History of Catholicism) published

● 1629 - The settlers of Salem, Mass. appointed Samuel Skelton as their pastor, by ballot. Their church covenant, afterward composed by Skelton, established Salem as the first non-separating congregational Puritan Church in New England.

● 1651 - The Battle of Beresteczko ends with a Polish victory.

● 1688 - The Immortal Seven issue the Invitation to William, beginning the struggle for English independence from Rome which would culminate in the Glorious Revolution.

● 1741 - Pope Benedict XIV encyclical forbidding traffic in alms

● 1758 - Seven Years' War: Battle of Domstadtl.

● 1780 - Benjamin Randall organized a fellowship of churches known as Free Will Baptists in New Hampshire. It became one of the early branches of the National Association of Free Will Baptists, which was formed in 1935.

● 1794 - Battle of Fort Recovery, Ohio

● 1797 - Leader of rebellion of English fleet, Richard Parker, hanged.

● 1805 - The U.S. Congress organizes Michigan Territory.

● 1834 - Congress creates Indian Territory (now Oklahoma)

● 1839 - Cinque leads successful slave revolt on the ship Amistad.

● 1841 - Rain of fish, Boston, Massachussetts.

● 1841 - The Erie Railroad rolled out its first passenger train.

● 1852 - Duwamish tribe awarded $62,000 for the taking of their aboriginal lands, including the present-day site of the city of Seattle.

● 1859 - Charles Blondin crossed Niagara Falls on a tightrope.

● 1862 - Day 6 of the 7 Days-Battle of White Oak Swamp

● 1864 - Secretary of the Treasury Chase resigns, charging speculators were plotting to prolong the Civil War for monetary gain.

● 1864 - U.S. President Abraham Lincoln grants Yosemite Valley to California for "public use, resort and recreation."

● 1868 - Mabel Cratty, American social worker and head of the Y.W.C.A., was born.

● 1870 - Ada Kepley becomes first female law college graduate.

● 1871 - Guatemala revolts for agarian reforms

● 1881 - Henry Highland Garnet, named minister to Liberia

● 1882 - Birth of Robert Louzon (1882-1976). French engineer, revolutionary syndicalist, anarchist.

● 1882 - Charles Guiteau hanged in Washington, DC for the shooting death of President James Garfield.

● 1886 - The first transcontinental train trip across Canada departs from Montreal. It arrives in Port Moody, British Columbia on July 4 of the same year.

● 1888 - Death of anarchist Leon Metchnikoff (1838-1888).

● 1893 - Excelsior diamond (blue-white 995 carats) discovered

● 1894 - Korea declared independence from China and asked for Japanese aid.

● 1900 - 4 German liners burn at Hobokon Docks NJ, 326 die

● 1902 - S I Bailey discovers asteroid #504 Cora

● 1905 - Albert Einstein publishes the article "On the Electrodynamics of Moving Bodies", where he introduces special relativity.

● 1906 - Congress passes the Meat Inspection Act and Pure Food and Drug Act.

● 1906 - John Hope becomes 1st black president of Morehouse College

● 1908 - An explosion in Siberia, which knocked down trees in a 40-mile radius and struck people unconscious some 40 miles away. It was believed by some scientists to be caused by a falling fragment from a meteorite. This becomes known as the Tunguska Event.

● 1909 - In Rome, the Catholic Pontifical Biblical Commission issued a decree interpreting the first 11 chapters of Genesis as history, not myth.

● 1911 - US Assay Office in St Louis, Missouri closes

● 1912 - Belgian workers went on strike to demand universal suffrage.

● 1912 - The Regina Cyclone hits Regina, Saskatchewan, killing 28. It remains Canada's deadliest tornado event.

● 1913 - Fighting broke out between Bulgaria and Greece and Spain. It was the beginning of the Second Balkan War.

● 1914 - Gandhi's first arrest, in campaign for Indian equal rights in South Africa.

● 1915 - During World War I, the Second Battle Artois ended when the French failed to take Vimy Ridge.

● 1917 - Birth of Lena Horne, Harlem Renaissance dramatist.

● 1918 - Militant Socialist leader Eugene V. Debs arrested in Cleveland for interfering with army and navy recruiting practices.

● 1921 - President Warren G. Harding appointed former President William Howard Taft chief justice of the United States.

● 1922 - Irish rebels in London assassinate Sir Henry Wilson, the British deputy for Northern Ireland.

● 1922 - One million railway shopmen strike in U.S.

● 1923 - New Zealand claims Ross Dependency in Antarctica

● 1927 - Augusto Cesar Sandino issues his Manifesto Politico

● 1927 - US Assay Office in Deadwood, South Dakota closes

● 1928 - Radio Service Bulletin lists radio stations call signs that are to be changed to conform with international standards

● 1930 - France pulled its troops out of Germany’s Rhineland.

● 1930 - Francisco Saverio Merlino (1856-1930) dies. Lawyer, theorist, propagandist of Italian anarchism, then a socialist. Continued to defend the anarchists when needed -- which was often.

● 1931 - Work camp at Brynmawr, Wales, leading to branch of International Voluntary Service for Peace.

● 1933 - US Assay Offices in Helena Mon, Boise Id & Salt Lake City Utah closes

● 1934 - Adolf Hitler purged the Nazi Party by destroying the SA and bringing to power the SS in the "Night of the Long Knives."

● 1934 - French Equitorial Africa constituted a single administrative unit

● 1935 - C Jackson discovers asteroid #1784 Benguella

● 1935 - The Senegalese Socialist Party holds its first congress.

● 1936 - 40 hour work week law approved (federal)

● 1936 - Anarchist icon Alexander Berkman is buried in Nice, France. Lifelong anarchist pal Emma Goldman is in attendance.

● 1936 - Ethiopian Emperor Haile Selassie pleads before League of Nations for help against Italian fascist invasion of his country. The League's inability to stop unprovoked invasions by fascist governments led to its downfall, a fate the modern United Nations is acutely aware of.

● 1939 - Heinkel He. 176 rocket plane flies for 1st time, at Peenemunde

● 1940 - US Fish & Wildlife Service established

● 1942 - US Mint in New Orleans ceases operation

● 1944 - The Battle of Cherbourg ends with the fall of the strategically valuable port to American forces.

● 1948 - Transistor as a substitute for Radio tubes announced (Bell Labs)

● 1950 - U.S. President Harry Truman ordered U.S. troops into Korea and authorizes the draft.

● 1951 - First and founding convention to reconstitute the Socialist International, Frankfurt, Germany.

● 1951 - NAACP begins attack on school segregation & discrimination

● 1951 - On orders from Washington, General Matthew Ridgeway broadcasts that the United Nations was willing to discuss an armistice with North Korea.

● 1952 - Congress passes McCarran-Walter Immigration Act, to screen out "subversive" aliens and deport them, even if they have become U.S. citizens. Follows up on the McCarran Act (Internal Security Act of 1950)--one of the more bucolic provisions being its authorization of concentration camps "for emergency situations." McCarran-Walter strengthened provisions allowing exclusion of immigrants on grounds of insanity, disease, pauperism, crime record or political activity, and made exclusion of anarchists and communists easier. It attacked people merely on account of speech or association, even if there is no evidence they might act violently or illegally. Harry Truman noted "The idea behind this discriminatory policy is, to put it baldly, that Americans with English or Irish names were better citizens than Americans with Italian, Greek, or Polish names..." -- while in fact it was motivated more toward excluding non-whites in this aspect.

● 1953 - The first Corvette rolled off the Chevrolet assembly line in Flint, MI. It sold for $3,250.

● 1954 - Three continents see eclipse of sun; Millions of people turn to look at the darkening skies as a total eclipse of the sun spreads from America through Europe and on to Asia.

● 1955 - The U.S. began funding West Germany’s rearmament.

● 1956 - A TWA Super Constellation and a United Airlines DC-7 (Flight 718) collide above the Grand Canyon in Arizona, United States, killing 128.

● 1957 - Jose Oiticica (1882-1957) dies. Brazilian lawyer, student of medicine, teacher, and an influential figure in the Brazilian anarchist and labor movement.

● 1957 - The American occupation headquarters in Japan was dissolved.

● 1958 - The U.S. Congress passed a law authorizing the admission of Alaska as the 49th state in the Union.

● 1960 - Congo gains independence from Belgium.

● 1960 - The Katanga province seceded from Congo (upon Congo's independence from Belgium).

● 1961 - Explorer (12) fails to reach Earth orbit

● 1962 - Rwanda & Burundi become independent

● 1963 - Cardinal Montini elected Pope Paul VI, 262nd head of Roman Catholic Church

● 1963 - Ciaculli massacre: a car bomb, intended for Mafia boss Salvatore Greco, kills seven police and military officers near Palermo.

● 1964 - Centaur 3 launch vehicle fails to make Earth orbit

● 1964 - The last of U.N. troops left Congo after a four-year effort to bring stability to the country.

● 1965 - First U.S. military ground actions begin in Vietnam.

● 1966 - U.S. Polaris submarine base opens, Faslane, Scotland.

● 1967 - Maj Robert H Lawrence Jr named 1st black astronaut

● 1968 - Petition for recognition of conscientious objection as a basic human right is presented to United Nations Human Rights Commission.

● 1969 - Nigeria bans Red Cross aid to Biafra; Four million people face starvation when the Nigerian government bans night flights of food by the Red Cross.

● 1969 - Seattle City Council approves a plan to purchase Kiker Island, off Deception Pass (Whidbey Island), as a site for a future nuclear power plant.

● 1969 - Spain cedes Ifni to Morocco

● 1969 - Vigilantes cut down trees in Kew Gardens in Queens, New York City. The park is a gathering place for area gays. About a month previous, a group of men from nearby apartment buildings started going into the park and ordering gay men to leave. Vigilante organizer Myles Tashman said, (quote) "Admittedly it was against the law but we had police consent." On this evening, the vigilantes just raze the park. A local resident twice called the police after seeing them at work with a power saw. Arriving almost an hour later, the officers chat with the treecutters and then leave. The Mattachine Society and other gay clubs start a fund, "Trees for Queens," to replace the foliage.

● 1970 - An Army depot on Kimber Road, London, England firebombed.

● 1970 - T Smirnova discovers asteroid #2139 Makharadze

● 1971 - Ohio ratifies the 26th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution, lowering the voting age to 18, thereby putting the amendment into effect.

● 1971 - Pres. Nixon orders felony burglary of the Brookings Institute, where Daniel Ellsberg, Leslie Gelb, and Morton Halperin worked, in a meeting with National Security Advisor Henry Kissinger, Defense Secretary Melvin Laird, Attorney General John Mitchell and Haldeman. Colson later proposed a firebombing.

● 1971 - The Soviet spacecraft Soyuz 11 returned to Earth. The three cosmonauts were found dead inside when their air supply escapes through a faulty valve.

● 1971 - The U.S. Supreme Court allowed the New York Times to continue publishing the Pentagon Papers.

● 1972 - 1st leap second day; also 1981, 1982, 1983, 1985

● 1973 - In Korea, the Far Eastern Broadcasting Co. began transmitting the Gospel from HLAZ, its first radio station in this country. FBEC is active today through radio missions outreach, and focuses its work among the islands of Eastern Asia and the Pacific.

● 1973 - Observers aboard Concorde jet observe 72-min solar eclipse

● 1974 - Mrs. Martin Luther King, Sr., and a church deacon were slain by a crazed gunman in Atlanta's Ebenezer Baptist Church, where her son, the assassinated civil rights leader, once preached.

● 1974 - Petty thief Peter Leonard sets fire to cover burglary that torches "Gulliver's" nightclub. 24 die (Port Chester NY)

● 1974 - Russian ballet dancer Mikhail Baryshnikov defected in Toronto, Canada.

● 1974 - Selective Service law authorizing the draft expires, marking the official end of conscription in the U.S. {at least for the time being}

● 1975 - Bundy victim Shelley Robertson disappears in Colorado

● 1977 - U.S. President Jimmy Carter announced his opposition to the B-1 bomber.

● 1977 - US Railway Post Office final train run (NY to Wash DC)

● 1979 - Thirty-five thousand protest nuclear power project at Diablo Canyon, Calif.

● 1980 - U.S. Supreme Court upholds $122 million judgment to the Lakota (Sioux) Nation for illegal taking of Black Hills, South Dakota.

● 1981 - China's Communist Party condemns the late Mao Tse-tung's policy

● 1982 - Federal Equal Rights Amendment fails 3 states short of ratification

● 1982 - Orbiter Challenger (OV-099) rolled out at Palmdale

● 1985 - Thirty-nine American hostages were freed from a hijacked TWA jetliner in Beirut after being held for 17 days.

● 1986 - In Bowers v. Hardwick, Georgia sodomy law upheld by Supreme Court (5-4) - Sodomy, one to 20 years. Upheld as to homosexuals on the grounds that there is no fundamental federal constitutional right to "engage in sodomy." Still on the books in half of the states, most laws are applied against homosexuals in order to further anti-gay discrimination. State-by-state laws have created a patchwork of penalties which range from a $50 fine in Arizona to life in prison in Idaho.

● 1987 - ACT UP demonstration at Federal Plaza in New York city.

● 1988 - Brooklyn dedicates a bus depot honoring Jackie Gleason

● 1988 - French archbishop Marcel Lefebvre is excommunicated by the Catholic church.

● 1989 - Attorney General Thornburgh orders Joseph Doherty deported to the UK

● 1989 - Congressman Lukins found guilty of having sex with a 16 year old girl

● 1989 - England - Court seizes about $7,000 withheld war taxes from Peace Pledge Union's bank account.

● 1989 - NASA closes down tracking stations in Santiago, Chile & Guam

● 1989 - NY State Legislature passes Staten Island seccession bill

● 1990 - East and West Germany merge their economies.

● 1992 - Former Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher joins the House of Lords as Baroness Thatcher of Kesteven.

● 1997 - In Hong Kong, the Union Jack was lowered for the last time over Government House as Britain prepared to hand the colony back to China after ruling it for 156 years.

● 1998 - French "Sans-papiers," undocumented immigrants begin hunger strike. Thirty begin fasting as their request for "regularisation" and legal residence papers has been refused.

● 1998 - In Paris, France, a group of 100 people manages to enter the buildings of the Constitutional Council. One of them seizes an original specimen of the constitution, tears it, declaring - "The dictatorship of capitalism is abolished. The workers declare anarchist-communism."

● 1998 - Officials confirmed that the remains of a Vietnam War serviceman buried in the Tomb of the Unknowns at Arlington National Cemetery were identified as those of Air Force pilot Michael J. Blassie.

● 1998 - Some 20,000 New York City construction workers rally to protest the city's use of a nonunion contractor.

● 2000 - U.S. President Clinton signed the E-Signature bill to give the same legal validity to an electronic signature as a signature in pen and ink.

● 2001 - Doctors implanted a dual-purpose pacemaker in Vice President Dick Cheney's chest.

● 2001 - Country musician Chet Atkins died at age 77.

● 2004 - The international Cassini spacecraft entered Saturn's orbit after a nearly seven year journey.

● 2005 - Spain became the third country to legalize gay marriage.


BIRTHS

● 1286 - John de Warenne, 8th Earl of Surrey, English politician (d. 1347)

● 1468 - John, German elector of Saxony and supporter of Martin Luther (d. 1532)

● 1470 - Charles VIII of France (d. 1498)

● 1503 - John Frederick, Elector of Saxony (d. 1554)

● 1641 - Meinhardt Schomberg, 3rd Duke of Schomberg, Irish general (d. 1719)

● 1685 - Dominikus Zimmermann, Bavarian Baroque architect (d. 1766)

● 1685 - John Gay, British writer (d. 1732)

● 1717 - Johann Stamitz, Czech-born composer (d. 1757)

● 1755 - Paul François Jean Nicolas Barras, French politician (d. 1829)

● 1789 - Horace Vernet, French painter and graphic artist (d. 1863)

● 1803 - Thomas Lovell Beddoes, English poet (d. 1849)

● 1807 - Friedrich Theodor von Vischer, German narrator, lyricist, and philosopher (d. 1887)

● 1817 - Sir Joseph Dalton Hooker, British botanist (d. 1911)

● 1819 - Lucile Grahn, Danish choreographer and ballerina (d. 1907)

● 1819 - William Wheeler, American politician; U.S. vice-president (1877-81) (d. 1887)

● 1823 - Dinshaw Maneckji Petit, Indian industrialist (d. 1901)

● 1843 - Ernest Mason Satow, British diplomat (d. 1929)

● 1868 - Mabel Cratty, American social worker and head of the Y.W.C.A. (d. 1928)

● 1891 - Man Mountain Dean, American professional wrestler (d. 1953)

● 1891 - Ed "Strangler" Lewis, American professional wrestler (d. 1966)

● 1892 - Oswald Pohl, German Nazi leader (d. 1951)

● 1893 - Walter Ulbricht, German politician (d. 1973)

● 1893 - Harold Laski, English political scientist, educator and writer (d. 1950)

● 1899 - Madge Bellamy, American actress (d. 1990)

● 1899 - Harry Shields, American jazz clarinetist (d. 1971)

● 1901 - Willie Sutton, American bank robber and prison escapee (d. 1980)

● 1906 - Ralph Allen, English footballer (d. 1981)

● 1908 - Winston Graham, British writer (d. 2003)

● 1911 - Czesław Miłosz, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 2004)

● 1912 - Ludwig Bölkow, German aeronautical engineer (d. 2003)

● 1912 - Dan Reeves - Owner of the Cleveland/Los Angeles Rams (d. 1971)

● 1913 - Harry Wismer, owner of the New York Jets (d. 1967)

● 1917 - Susan Hayward, American actress (d. 1975)

● 1917 - Lena Horne, American actress and singer

● 1919 - Ed Yost, American inventor (d. 2007)

● 1926 - Paul Berg, Nobel Prize laureate

● 1929 - James Goldman, American screenwriter (d. 1998)

● 1931 - Bert Eriksson, Belgian neo-Nazi (d. 2005)

● 1931 - Andrew Hill, American jazz pianist (d. 2007)

● 1934 - Harry Blackstone Jr., American magician (d. 1997)

● 1936 - Nancy Dussault, American actress

● 1936 - Tony Musante, Actor

● 1938 - Apostolos Nikolaidis, Greek singer (d. 1999)

● 1939 - José Emilio Pacheco, Mexican poet

● 1940 - Mark Spoelstra, American folksinger (d. 2007)

● 1941 - Peter Pollock, South African cricket player

● 1943 - Florence Ballard, American singer (The Supremes) (d. 1976)

● 1944 - Raymond Moody, American parapsychologist

● 1944 - Terry Funk, American professional wrestler

● 1944 - Glenn Shorrock, Singer (Little River Band)

● 1950 - Leonard Whiting, British actor

● 1951 - Stanley Clarke, American musician

● 1952 - Tubby Smith, Minnesota basketball coach

● 1952 - David Garrison, Broadway and television actor

● 1952 - Athanassios S. Fokas, Greek mathematician

● 1953 - Hal Lindes, British-American musician (Dire Straits)

● 1954 - Pierre Charles, Prime Minister of Dominica (d. 2004)

● 1955 - David Alan Grier, American actor and comedian

● 1957 - Sterling Marlin, American Nascar driver

● 1958 - Esa-Pekka Salonen, Finnish conductor and composer

● 1959 - Vincent D'Onofrio, American actor ("Law and Order: Criminal Intent" "Full Metal Jacket")

● 1959 - Brendan Perry, British musician (Dead Can Dance)

● 1960 - Murray Cook, Australian children's singer (The Wiggles)

● 1962 - Tony Fernandez, Dominican baseball player

● 1963 - Yngwie J. Malmsteen, Swedish guitarist

● 1963 - Rupert Graves, Actor

● 1964 - Alexandra Christina Manley, Former Danish princess, now countess

● 1965 - Mitch Richmond, American basketball player

● 1966 - Mike Tyson, American boxer and ear biter

● 1966 - Marton Csokas, New Zealand actor

● 1968 - Philip Anselmo, American musician

● 1969 - Sanath Jayasuriya, Sri Lankan cricketer

● 1969 - Tom Drummond, Rock musician (Better Than Ezra)

● 1970 - Brian Bloom, Actor

● 1970 - Brian Vincent, Actor

● 1970 - Mark Grudzielanek, baseball player

● 1971 - Anette Michel, Mexican actress

● 1971 - Monica Potter, American actress

● 1973 - Chan Ho Park, Major League Baseball player

● 1975 - Ralf Schumacher, German race car driver

● 1977 - Richard Henderson, famous packaging engineer

● 1977 - Chris Maxwell, baseball player (New Mexico)

● 1978 - Owen Lafave, ex-husband of Debra Lafave

● 1979 - Matisyahu, Hasidic Jewish Reggae Rapper

● 1979 - Rick Gonzalez, Hispanic-American actor

● 1981 - Can Artam, Turkish racing driver

● 1981 - Karolina Sadalska, Polish kayaker

● 1982 - Dan Jacobs, American guitarist (Atreyu)

● 1982 - Andy Knowles, British musician (Franz Ferdinand)

● 1982 - Lizzy Caplan, American actress (Mean Girls, 2004)

● 1983 - Brendon James, British drummer (Thirteen Senses)

● 1983 - Marlin Jackson, American football player

● 1983 - Patrick Wolf, British musician

● 1983 - Cheryl Cole, British singer (Girls Aloud)

● 1984 - Fantasia Barrino, American singer ("American Idol")

● 1984 - Gabriel Badilla, Costa Rican footballer

● 1985 - Michael Phelps, American swimmer

● 1985 - Fabiana Vallejos, Argentine footballer

● 1992 - Lamb and Lynx Gaede, American musicians (Prussian Blue)


DEATHS

● 350 - Nepotianus, Roman usurper

● 1181 - Hugh de Kevelioc, 3rd Earl of Chester, English politician (b. 1147)

● 1364 - Arnost of Pardubice, Archbishop of Prague (b. 1297)

● 1538 - Charles of Egmond, Duke of Guelders (b. 1467)

● 1579 - Mehmed Pasha Sokolović, Turkish Janissary

● 1607 - Caesar Baronius, Italian cardinal and historian (b. 1538)

● 1660 - William Oughtred, English mathematician (b. 1575)

● 1666 - Alexander Brome, English poet (b. 1620)

● 1670 - Henrietta Anne Stuart, Princess of England, Scotland, and Ireland (b. 1644)

● 1704 - John Quelch, a pirate was hanged (b. 1665)

● 1709 - Edward Lhuyd, Welsh scientist (b. 1660)

● 1785 - James Oglethorpe, English general and founder of the state of Georgia (b. 1696)

● 1796 - Abraham Yates, American Continental Congressman (b. 1724)

● 1857 - Alcide d'Orbigny, French naturalist (b. 1802)

● 1882 - Charles J. Guiteau, American assassin of President James A. Garfield (b. 1841)

● 1890 - Samuel Parkman Tuckerman, American composer (b. 1819)

● 1919 - John Strutt, 3rd Baron Rayleigh, English physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1842)

● 1934 - Kurt von Schleicher, Chancellor of Germany (b. 1882)

● 1953 - Charles William Miller, father of football in Brazil (b. 1874)

● 1959 - José Vasconcelos, Mexican writer and politician (b. 1882)

● 1961 - Lee DeForest, American inventor (b. 1873)

● 1966 - Giuseppe Farina, Italian race car driver (b. 1906)

● 1971 - Herbert Biberman, Jewish American screenwriter and film director (b. 1900)

● 1971 - Crew of Soyuz 11

● Viktor Patsayev (b. 1933)

● Georgi Dobrovolski (b. 1928)

● Vladislav Volkov (b. 1935)

● 1974 - Vannevar Bush, American engineer and politician (b. 1890)

● 1976 - Firpo Marberry, baseball player (b. 1898)

● 1984 - Lillian Hellman, American playwright (b. 1905)

● 1993 - George "Spanky" McFarland, American actor (b. 1928)

● 1993 - Wong Ka Kui, Hong Kong singer (b. 1962)

● 1995 - Gale Gordon, American actor (b. 1906)

● 1995 - Georgi Beregovoi, Soviet cosmonaut (b. 1921)

● 1995 - Phyllis Hyman, American jazz vocalist (b. 1949)

● 1997 - Larry O'Day, wrestler (b. 1944)

● 2001 - Chet Atkins, American guitarist (b. 1924)

● 2002 - Chico Xavier, popular medium in Brazil´s spiritism movement (b. 1910)

● 2003 - Buddy Hackett, American comic (b. 1924)

● 2003 - Robert McCloskey, American children's book writer and illustrator (b. 1915)

● 2006 - Robert Gernhardt, German satirist (b. 1937)


HOLIDAYS AND OBSERVANCES

● Roman Catholic:
● First Martyrs of Rome
● First Martyrs of the See of Rome.
● Martyrs of Rome
● St. Adilia van Orp (died 670)
● St. Adolf (died 1224)
● St. Airick
● St. Basilides
● St. Bertrand
● St. Clotsindis
● St. Emiliana
● St. Erentrudis
● St. Eurgain
● St. Lucina
● St. Marcian
● St. Martial
● St. Martialis
● St. Ostianus
● St. Paul
● St. Theobald
● St. Vincent Yen
● Bl. Arnold Cornibout
● Bl. Philip Powell
● Bl. Raymond Lull

● Russian Orthodox Christian Menaion Calendar for June 17 (Civil Date: June 30)
● Martyrs Manuel, Sabel, and Ismael of Persia.
● Hieromartyr Philoneides, Bishop of Kurion in Cyprus.
● Saints Joseph and Pior, disciples of St. Anthony the Great.
● The Alfanov brothers (see May 4).
● St. Ananias the Iconographer of Novgorod.

● Greek Calendar:
● lM Isaurus, and with him Basil, Innocent, Felix, Hermes and Peregrinus of Athens.

● Guatemala : Revolution Day (1871)

● Lybia : Troop Withdrawl Day

● Mongolia : Constitution Day

● Rwanda & Burundi : Independence Day (1962)

● Surinam : Lebaran, official holiday

● Zaire : Independence Day (1960)

● This Holiday is only applicable on a given "day of the week"
● Iowa : Independence Sunday (1776) - ( Sunday )



Click on this LINK to see original Wikipedia list with many having links with details.

Additional facts taken from:


On this day in the New York Times

The BBC’s Take on the day

On This Day Website

Geov Parrish's this Day in Radical History, things that happened on this day that you never had to memorize in school.

Scope Systems Any Day Website

Roman Catholic Saint of the Day

Russian Orthodox Christian Menaion Calendar

Quotes of the Day taken from The Best Liberal Quotes Ever: Why the Left Is Right Compiled by William P. Martin ©2004

Permanent Backlink to Post

Friday, June 29, 2007

June 29......

June 29 is the 180th (181st in leap years) day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. There are 185 days remaining in the year on this date.

Best Liberal Quote of the Day: On Meaning "The meaning of things lies not in the things themselves, but in our attitude towards them." — Antoine de Saint-Exupery

Stupidest Quote from the Right for the Day: On Neo-Fascism "Democracy used to be a good thing, but now it has gotten into the wrong hands." — Jesse Helms, former Republican U.S. senator

Thought for the day: "The minute a man is convinced that he is interesting, he isn't."

{Disclaimer: I have attempted to give credit to the many different sources that I get entries. Any failure to do so is unintentional. Any statement enclosed by brackets like these are the opinion of the blogger, A Proud Liberal.}


NASA ASTRONOMY PICTURE OF THE DAY

Cat's Eye Wide and Deep


Credit & Copyright: Johannes Schedler (Panther Observatory)
Click picture to go to NASA APOD site for full explanation


EVENTS

● 512 - A solar eclipse is recorded by a monastic chronicler in Ireland.

● 1149 - Raymond of Antioch is defeated and killed at the Battle of Inab by Nur ad-Din.

● 1194 - Sverre is crowned King of Norway.

● 1236 - Ferdinand III of Castile and Leon took Cordoba in Spain.

● 1534 - Jacques Cartier makes the European discovery of Prince Edward Island.

● 1613 - Shakespeare's Globe Theater in London, England burns to the ground.

● 1620 - Tobacco growing banned in England, giving the Virginia Company a monopoly.

● 1644 - Charles I of England defeats a Parliamentarian detachment at the Battle of Cropredy Bridge, the last battle won by an English King on English soil.

● 1652 - Massachusetts declared itself an independent commonwealth.

● 1659 - The Russians, led by prince Trubetskoy are defeated by the Ukrianian armies of Ivan Vyhovsky in the Battle of Konotop.

● 1749 - New Governor, Charles de la Ralière Des Herbiers, arrives at Isle Royale (Cape Breton Island).

● 1757 - Anglican clergyman and hymn writer John Newton wrote in a letter: 'Whatever we may undertake with a sincere desire to promote His glory, we may comfortably pursue. Nothing is trivial that is done for Him.'

● 1767 - The British Parliament approved the Townshend Revenue Acts. The acts imposed import duties on glass, lead, paint, paper and tea shipped to America.

● 1776 - Mission Dolores founded by San Francisco Bay

● 1776 - The Virginia state constitution was adopted and Patrick Henry was made governor.

● 1786 - Alexander Macdonell and over five hundred Roman Catholic highlanders leave Scotland to settle in Glengarry County, Ontario.

● 1804 - Privates John Collins and Hugh Hall of the Lewis and Clark Expedition were found guilty by a court-martial consisting of members of the Corps of Discovery for getting drunk on duty. Collins received 100 lashes on his back and Hall received 50.

● 1810 - In Bradford, Massachusetts, the first U.S. missionary society was organized: the American Board of Commissioners for Foreign Missions.

● 1850 - Autocephaly Officially Granted by the Ecumenical Patriarchate of Constantinople to The Church of Greece.

● 1850 - Coal is discovered on Vancouver Island.

● 1854 - Gadsden Purchase (parts of AZ, NM) from Mexico for $10 million

● 1858 - Treaty of Algun, China cedes north bank of Amur River to Russia

● 1860 - The first iron-pile lighthouse was completed at Minot’s Ledge, MA.

● 1862 - Day 5 of the 7 Days-Battle of Savage's Station

● 1863 - Lee orders his forces to concentrate near Gettysburg, PA

● 1863 - Very 1st First National Bank opens in Davenport, Iowa

● 1864 - Ninety-nine people are killed in Canada's worst railway disaster near St-Hilaire, Quebec.

● 1868 - George Ellery Hale, the American astronomer, was born.

● 1874 - Greek politician Charilaos Trikoupis publishes a manifesto in the Athens daily Kairoi entitled "Who's to Blame?" in which he lays out his complaints against King George. He is elected Prime Minister of Greece the next year.

● 1875 - The first 'holiness' conference opened at Keswick, England. Keswick conferences stress a non- charismatic, 'crisis' form of sanctification, in contrast to the older traditional view of Christian sanctification as being a lifelong 'process.'

● 1880 - France annexed Tahiti.

● 1881 - Russia - Anarchist agitator Johann Most sentenced for libeling the Tsar.

● 1888 - First (known) recording of classical music made, Handel's Israel in Egypt on wax cylinder.

● 1888 - Professor Frederick Treves performed the first appendectomy in England.

● 1891 - 100° F (San Fransisco, CA)

● 1891 - Street railway in Ottawa, Ontario, Canada, commences operation.

● 1895 - Doukhobors burn their weapons as a protest against conscription by the Tsarist Russian government.

● 1899 - Brazo River in Texas floods 12 miles wide causing $10 mil damage

● 1903 - The British government officially protested Belgian atrocities in the Congo.

● 1905 - Russian troops intervened as riots erupted in ports all over the country. Many ships were looted.

● 1908 - Birth of Cyrus H. Gordon, American Jewish archaeological scholar. Having taught Assyriology and Egyptology at Dropsie College in Philadelphia, his technical writings include the 'Ugaritic Handbook' (1947).

● 1913 - Beginning of the 2nd Balkan War

● 1914 - G Neujmin discovers asteroid #791 Ani

● 1914 - Jina Guseva attempts to assassinate Grigori Rasputin at his home town in Siberia.

● 1916 - Boeing aircraft flies for first time.

● 1916 - Sir Roger Casement, Irish Nationalist and British diplomat is sentenced to death for his part in the Easter Rising.

● 1917 - The Ukraine proclaimed independence from Russia.

● 1917 - W.E.B. DuBois leads silent march by blacks against lynching, New York City.

● 1922 - France grants 1 square km at Vimy Ridge "freely, and for all time, to the Government of Canada, the free use of the land exempt from all taxes."

● 1922 - K Reinmuth discovers asteroid #979 Ilsewa

● 1925 - Marvin Pipkin filed for a patent for the frosted electric light bulb.

● 1925 - Sixty thousand Belgian metal workers begin general strike.

● 1926 - Arthur Meighen returns to office as Prime Minister of Canada.

● 1926 - Fascists in Rome added an hour to the work day in an economic efficiency measure.

● 1927 - 1st flight from West Coast arrives in Hawaii

● 1927 - First test of Wallace Turnbull's variable-pitch propeller.

● 1929 - 1st high-speed jet wind tunnel completed Langley Field Ca

● 1931 - 109° F (43° C), Monticello, Florida (state record)

● 1931 - The Unevangelized Fields Mission was founded, in England. UFM missionaries today work primarily in Latin America, Europe and Africa, as well as in Haiti and Indonesia.

● 1932 - Siam’s army seized Bangkok and announced an end to the absolute monarchy.

● 1936 - Pope Pius XI encyclical to US bishops "On motion pictures"

● 1937 - Joseph-Armand Bombardier of Canada receives patent for sprocket and track traction system used in snow vehicles.

● 1939 - Dixie Clipper completes 1st commercial plane flight to Europe

● 1940 - US passes Alien Registration Act requiring Aliens to register

● 1945 - Ruthenia, formerly in Czechoslovakia, becomes part of Ukrainian SSR

● 1946 - British authorities arrested more than 2,700 Jews in Palestine in an attempt to end alleged terrorism.

● 1949 - South Africa begins implementing apartheid; no mixed marriages

● 1949 - US troops withdraw from Korea after WW II

● 1950 - U.S. President Harry S. Truman authorized a sea blockade of Korea.

● 1951 - The United States invited the Soviet Union to the Korean peace talks on a ship in Wonson Harbor.

● 1951 - Joseph Ratzinger, the future Pope Benedict XVI, was ordained as a priest.

● 1952 - 1st aircraft carrier to sail around Cape Horn-Oriskany

● 1954 - The Atomic Energy Commission voted against reinstating Dr. J. Robert Oppenheimer's access to classified information.

● 1955 - The Soviet Union sent tanks to Pozan, Poland, to put down anti-Communist demonstrations.

● 1956 - The Federal Highway Act authorized the Interstate Highway System, the construction of 42,500 miles of freeways from coast to coast.

● 1959 - Pope John XXIII encyclical "On truth, unity, & peace, in charity"

● 1960 - BBC unveils TV 'factory'; The BBC's new Television Centre will be the "Hollywood" of the small screen, the corporation's director of TV announces.

● 1961 - Launch of Transit 4a, with 1st nuclear power supply (SNAP-3)

● 1962 - 1st flight Vickers (British Aerospace) VC-10 long-range airliner

● 1963 - Mass "walk-on" (trespass) at chemical and biological warfare facility, Porton Down, Britain.

● 1964 - Civil Rights Act of 1964 passed after 83-day filibuster in Senate

● 1965 - USAF Capt Joseph Henry Engle reaches 85,530 m in X-15

● 1966 - March to Paris against French nuclear tests leaves London.

● 1966 - The U.S. bombed fuel storage facilities near the North Vietnamese cities of Hanoi and Haiphong.

● 1967 - Israel removes barricades, re-unifying Jerusalem.

● 1967 - Actress Jayne Mansfield, 34, and two male companions died when their car struck a trailer truck east of New Orleans.

● 1969 - 1st Jewish worship service at White House

● 1970 - US ends 2 month military offensive into Cambodia

● 1971 - Soyuz 11 docks with Salyut 1 for 22 days

● 1972 - U.S. Supreme Court rules, 5-4, all current state death penalty laws unconstitutional. A later ruling allows states to rewrite laws to reinstitute capital punishment in 1976.

● 1972 - USSR launches Prognoz 2 into earth orbit (549/200,000 km)

● 1974 - First female president for Argentina; Isabel Peron is sworn in as interim leader of the Argentine Republic after her husband falls ill.

● 1975 - 20.57 cm (8.10") of rainfall, Litchville, N. Dakota (state 24-hr rec)

● 1976 - The Seychelles becomes independent from the United Kingdom.

● 1977 - Supreme Court ruled out death penalty for rapists of adults

● 1978 - VP Walter F Mondale begins trip to Mid-East

● 1981 - Hu Yaobang succeeds Hua Guofeng as leader of China.

● 1982 - Israel invaded Lebanon.

● 1982 - Voting Rights Act of 1965 extended

● 1983 - Challenger flies back to Kennedy Space Center via Kelly AFB

● 1984 - USSR offers to start talking about banning SDI

● 1985 - NASA launches Intelsat VA

● 1985 - STS 51-F vehicle moves to the launch pad

● 1986 - Branson beats Atlantic speed record; Millionaire Richard Branson smashes the world record for the fastest powerboat crossing of the Atlantic.

● 1992 - A divided Supreme Court ruled that women have a constitutional right to abortion, but the justices also weakened the right as defined by the Roe v. Wade decision.

● 1992 - First of ten days of demonstrations demanding the resignation of Pres. Slobodan Milosevic, Belgrade, Yugoslavia.

● 1993 - Space Shuttle carries first carbonated beverages into space. Specifically - a root beer float.

● 1995 - Space Shuttle program: STS-71 Mission, Atlantis docks with the Russian space station Mir for the first time, forming the largest man-made satellite ever to orbit the Earth.

● 1995 - The Sampoong Department Store collapses in the Seocho-gu district of Seoul, South Korea, killing 501 and injuring 937.

● 2001 - U.N. Secretary-General Kofi Annan was elected to a second term.

● 2001 - Diana fountain given go-ahead; The government announces a memorial in honour of Diana, Princess of Wales, is to be built in London's Hyde Park.

● 2002 - President George W. Bush transferred presidential powers to Vice President Dick Cheney for more than two hours during a routine colon screening that ended in a clean bill of health. {This is despite finding his head firmly lodged inside his colon.}

● 2002 - Naval clashes between North Korea and South Korea lead to the death of four South Korean sailors and sinking of a North Korean vessel.

● 2003 - Thirteen are killed in a porch collapse in Chicago.

● 2003 - Actress Katharine Hepburn died at age 96.

● 2006- The Supreme Court ruled 5-3 that President George W. Bush's plan to try Guantanamo Bay detainees in military tribunals violated U.S. and international law.

● 2006 - The Dutch cabinet Balkenende II resigned.


BIRTHS

● 1397 - John II of Aragon (d. 1479)

● 1517 - Rembert Dodoens, Flemish physician (d. 1585)

● 1596 - Emperor Go-Mizunoo of Japan (d. 1680)

● 1798 - Giacomo Leopardi, Italian poet (d. 1837)

● 1803 - John Newton Brown, American publisher (d. 1868)

● 1818 - Pietro Angelo Secchi, Italian Jesuit and astrophysicist (d. 1878)

● 1849 - John Hunn, American businessman (d. 1926)

● 1858 - George Goethals, American army engineer (d. 1928)

● 1861 - William Mayo, founder of the Mayo Clinic (d. 1939)

● 1865 - Shigechiyo Izumi, supercentenarian (disputed) (d. 1986)

● 1866 - Mykhailo Hrushevsky, Ukrainian statesman (d. 1934)

● 1868 - George Ellery Hale, American astronomer (d. 1938)

● 1880 - Ludwig Beck, German general; Hitler opponent (d. 1944)

● 1880 - Helen Keller, Deafblind American author, activist and lecturer (d. 1968)

● 1881 - Harry Frazee, Boston Red Sox owner from 1916-1923 (d. 1929)

● 1886 - James Van Der Zee, African-American photographer (d. 1983)

● 1886 - Robert Schuman, French politician (d. 1963)

● 1889 - Willie MacFarlane, Scottish golfer, US Open winner 1925

● 1893 - Helen Hokinson, American cartoonist (d. 1949)

● 1900 - Antoine de Saint-Exupéry, French writer (d. 1944)

● 1901 - Nelson Eddy, American singer and actor (d. 1967)

● 1903 - Alan Blumlein, English electronics engineer (d. 1942)

● 1906 - Ivan Chernyakhovsky, Russian general (d. 1945)

● 1908 - Leroy Anderson, American composer (d. 1975)

● 1910 - Frank Loesser, American composer (d. 1969)

● 1911 - Prince Bernhard of the Netherlands (d. 2004)

● 1911 - Bernard Herrmann, American film composer (d. 1975)

● 1912 - John Toland, American historian (d. 2004)

● 1914 - Rafael Kubelík, Czech conductor (d. 1996)

● 1914 - Christos Papakyriakopoulos, Greek mathematician (d. 1976)

● 1915 - Ruth Warrick, American actress (d. 2005)

● 1919 - Slim Pickens, American actor (d. 1983)

● 1920 - Ray Harryhausen, American filmmaker

● 1922 - Vasko Popa, Yugoslavian poet (d. 1991)

● 1923 - Chou Wen-chung, Chinese-American composer

● 1924 - Flo Sandon's, Italian singer

● 1924 - Ezra Laderman, American composer

● 1925 - Giorgio Napolitano, Italian politician

● 1925 - Hale Smith, American composer, pianist, educator, arranger, and editor

● 1925 - Cara Williams, American actress

● 1926 - Jaber Al-Ahmad Al-Jaber Al-Sabah, Emir of Kuwait (d. 2006)

● 1928 - Ian Bannen, Scottish actor (d. 1999)

● 1929 - Pat Crawford Brown, American actress

● 1929 - Oriana Fallaci, Italian journalist and author

● 1930 - Viola Léger, Acadian-Canadian actress

● 1930 - Robert Evans - American film producer.

● 1932 - Brian Hutton, Baron Hutton, British Law Lord

● 1933 - Bob Shaw, baseball player

● 1933 - John Bradshaw, American theologian

● 1936 - Harmon Killebrew, baseball player and Hall of Fame member

● 1939 - Alan Connolly, Australian cricketer

● 1939 - Lo Lieh, Hong Kong martial arts actor (d. 2002)

● 1940 - L. Russell Brown, Songwriter

● 1940 - Vyacheslav Artyomov, Russian composer

● 1941 - Stokely Carmichael, Black Panther member (d. 1998)

● 1942 - Mike Willesee, Australian television presenter

● 1943 - Little Eva, American singer (d. 2003)

● 1944 - Gary Busey, American actor

● 1944 - Sean O'Malley, current Archbishop of Boston

● 1945 - Chandrika Kumaratunga, President of Sri Lanka

● 1946 - Egon von Furstenberg, Swiss fashion designer (d. 2004)

● 1946 - Ernesto Pérez Balladares, President of Panama from 1994 to 1999

● 1947 - Richard Lewis, American comedian

● 1947 - Michael Carter, British actor

● 1948 - Fred Grandy, Actor ("The Love Boat"), former US congressman

● 1948 - Ian Paice, drummer (Deep Purple)

● 1949 - Dan Dierdorf, Football Hall of Famer

● 1949 - Joan Clos i Matheu, current mayor of Barcelona

● 1949 - Ann Veneman, 27th United States Secretary of Agriculture

● 1952 - Joe Johnson, English snooker player

● 1953 - Colin Hay, guitarist and singer (Men at Work)

● 1953 - Don Dokken, Rock singer (Dokken)

● 1954 - Rick Honeycutt, baseball player

● 1955 - Charles J. Precourt, Deputy Manager, International Space Station Program

● 1956 - Pedro Santana Lopes, Prime Minister of Portugal

● 1956 - Pedro Guerrero, baseball player

● 1957 - Maria Conchita Alonso, Actress

● 1958 - Rosa Mota, Portuguese athlete

● 1960 - Evelyn "Champagne" King, American singer

● 1961 - Kimberlin Brown, actress

● 1961 - Sharon Lawrence, Actress ("NYPD Blue")

● 1961 - Greg Hetson, American punk-rock guitarist

● 1962 - Amanda Donohoe, British actress

● 1962 - George Zamka, astronaut

● 1963 - Anne-Sophie Mutter, German violinist

● 1963 - Khalid El-Masri, German mistaken for a suspected terrorist

● 1964 - Stedman Pearson, British singer (Five Star)

● 1964 - Kathleen Wilhoite, Actress ("Gilmore Girls")

● 1965 - Tripp Eisen, American musician

● 1966 - John Part, Canadian darts player

● 1967 - Melora Hardin, Actress ("The Office")

● 1967 - Jeff Burton, auto racer

● 1968 - Theoren Fleury, Canadian hockey player

● 1969 - Ilan Mitchell-Smith, American actor

● 1971 - Kaitlyn Ashley, American adult actress

● 1971 - Matthew Good, Canadian musician

● 1971 - Anthony Hamilton, English snooker player

● 1972 - Samantha Smith, American schoolgirl (d. 1985)

● 1972 - Nawal Al Zoghbi, Lebanese singer

● 1973 - George Hincapie, American cyclist

● 1977 - Oleg Korenfeld, poet

● 1978 - Sam Farrar, American bassist

● 1978 - Nicole Scherzinger, American singer, dancer, and actress (Pussy Cat Dolls)

● 1978 - Todd Sansom, Country musician (Marshall Dyllon)

● 1979 - Marleen Veldhuis, Dutch swimmer

● 1979 - Matthew Bode, Australian Rules Football player

● 1980 - Katherine Jenkins, Welsh soprano

● 1980 - Martin Truex Jr, American race car driver

● 1980 - James Courtney, Australian racing driver

● 1981 - Joe Johnson, American basketball player

● 1981 - Nicolás Vuyovich, Argentine racing driver (d. 2005)

● 1982 - Andrea Butjko, Hungarian porn star

● 1983 - Aundrea Fimbres, American singer (Danity Kane)

● 1984 - Han Ji-hye, South Korean actress and model

● 1984 - Derek Lee Rock, American drummer

● 1987 - Yasuka Saitou, Japanese actor


DEATHS

● 69 - Saint Peter, Apostle and 1st Bishop of Rome

● 1059 - Bernard II, Duke of Saxony

● 1252 - King Abel of Denmark (b. 1218)

● 1315 - Ramon Llull, Spanish philosopher (b. 1235)

● 1509 - Margaret Beaufort, mother of Henry VII of England (b. 1443)

● 1725 - Arai Hakuseki, Japanese writer and politician (b. 1657)

● 1744 - André Campra, French composer (b. 1660)

● 1764 - Ralph Allen, English businessman and politician (b. 1693)

● 1852 - Henry Clay, U.S. Senator (b. 1777)

● 1855 - John Gorrie, American scientist (b. 1802)

● 1861 - Elizabeth Barrett Browning, English poet (b. 1806)

● 1873 - Michael Madhusudan Dutt, Bengali poet (b. 1824)

● 1875 - Emperor Ferdinand I of Austria (b. 1793)

● 1895 - Thomas Henry Huxley, English scientist (b. 1825)

● 1900 - Ivan Mikheevich Pervushin, Russian mathematician (b. 1900)

● 1919 - José Gregorio Hernández Venezuelan physician (b. 1864)

● 1921 - Otto Seeck German classical historian (b. 1850)

● 1933 - Fatty Arbuckle, American actor (b. 1887)

● 1935 - Jack O'Neill, baseball player (b. 1873)

● 1940 - Paul Klee, Swiss artist (b. 1879)

● 1941 - Ignacy Jan Paderewski, Polish pianist and compozer (b. 1860)

● 1960 - Frank Patrick, professional ice hockey player and coach (b. 1885)

● 1964 - Eric Dolphy, American jazz musician (b. 1928)

● 1967 - Jayne Mansfield, American actress (b. 1933)

● 1967 - Primo Carnera, Italian boxer (b. 1906)

● 1969 - Shorty Long, American singer (b. 1940)

● 1969 - Moise Tshombe, Congolese politician (b. 1919)

● 1977 - Magda Lupescu, consort of King Carol II of Romania (b. 1895)

● 1978 - Bob Crane, American actor (b. 1928)

● 1979 - Lowell George, American country-rock singer (Little Feat) (b. 1945)

● 1982 - Pierre Balmain, French fashion designer (b. 1914)

● 1990 - Irving Wallace, American author and screenwriter (b. 1916)

● 1992 - Mohammed Boudiaf, President of Algeria (assassinated) (b. 1919)

● 1993 - Héctor Lavoe, Puerto Rican singer (b. 1946)

● 1994 - Kurt Eichhorn, German conductor (b. 1908)

● 1995 - Lana Turner, American actress (b. 1921)

● 1999 - Allan Carr, American film producer (b. 1937)

● 2000 - Vittorio Gassman, Italian actor (b. 1922)

● 2002 - Rosemary Clooney, American singer and actress (b. 1928)

● 2002 - Ole-Johan Dahl, Norwegian computer scientist (b. 1931)

● 2003 - Katharine Hepburn, American actress (b. 1907)

● 2004 - Bernard Babior, American biochemist (b. 1935)

● 2006 - Randy Walker, American football coach (b. 1954)

● 2006 - Fabián Bielinsky, Argentinean film director (b. 1959)

● 2006 - Lloyd Richards, American actor and director (b. 1919)


HOLIDAYS AND OBSERVANCES

● Roman Catholic:
● St. Cassius
● St. Cocha
● St. Hemma
● St. Mary
● Sts. Peter and Paul, i.e. the Apostles Peter and Paul of Tarsus; also a local holiday in Rome, of which they are patron saints, as well as of the diamond workers
● Sts. Salome & Judith

● Russian Orthodox Christian Menaion Calendar for June 16 (Civil Date: June 29)
● St. Tychon, Bishop of Amathus in Cyprus.
● St. Tikhon (Tychon) of Luchlv.
● St. Tikhon of Kaluga or Medin.
● St. Tikhon of Krestogorsk (Vologda).
● Martyrs Tigirius and Eutropius of Constantinople.
● St. Mark the Just of Apollonias, nephew of Apostle Barnabas.
● New-Martyr Hermogenes (Germogen), Bishop of Tobolsk (1918).

● Greek Calendar:
● Five Martyrs of Nicomedia.
● Forty Martyrs of Rome.
● Repose of Archimandrite Moses, founder of Optina Skete (1862) and of Elder Gerasimus of St. Tikhon of Kaluga Monastery (1898).

● Anglican and Lutheran: Solemnity of Sts. Peter & Paul, apostles

● Seychelles - Independence Day.

● The Netherlands - Veterans Day.

● Malta - l-Imnarja

● This Holiday is only applicable on a given "day of the week"
● Iowa : Independence Sunday (1776) - ( Sunday )



Click on this LINK to see original Wikipedia list with many having links with details.

Additional facts taken from:


On this day in the New York Times

The BBC’s Take on the day

On This Day Website

Geov Parrish's this Day in Radical History, things that happened on this day that you never had to memorize in school.

Scope Systems Any Day Website

Roman Catholic Saint of the Day

Russian Orthodox Christian Menaion Calendar

Quotes of the Day taken from The Best Liberal Quotes Ever: Why the Left Is Right Compiled by William P. Martin ©2004

Permanent Backlink to Post

Thursday, June 28, 2007

June 28......

June 28 is the 179th (180th in leap years) day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. There are 186 days remaining in the year on this date.

This date is the only date each year where both the month and day are different perfect numbers.

Best Liberal Quote of the Day: On McCarthyism "McCarthyism: 1. The practice of publicizing accusations of political disloyalty or subversion with insufficient regard to evidence. 2. The use of unfair investigatory or accusatory methods in order to suppress opposition."American Heritage Dictionary

Stupidest Quote from the Right for the Day: On Iraq War "We found the weapons of mass destruction." — George W. Bush, referring to two tractor-trailers found in Iraq that had no trace of chemical or biological agents

Thought for the day: "The only rose without thorns is friendship."

{Disclaimer: I have attempted to give credit to the many different sources that I get entries. Any failure to do so is unintentional. Any statement enclosed by brackets like these are the opinion of the blogger, A Proud Liberal.}


NASA ASTRONOMY PICTURE OF THE DAY

A Visit from Atlantis


Credit & Copyright: Ron Dantowitz, Marek Kozubal, Clay Center Observatory, Dexter and Southfield Schools
Click picture to go to NASA APOD site for full explanation


EVENTS

● 767 – St. Paul I ends his reign as Catholic Pope (dies)

● 1098 - Fighters of the First Crusade defeat Kerbogha of Mosul.

● 1243 - Innocent IV becomes Pope.

● 1245 - 1st Council of Lyons (13th ecumenical council) opens

● 1389 - Ottoman and Serbian armies fight the bloody battle of Kosovo, opening the way for the Ottoman conquest of Southeastern Europe.

● 1491 - England's King Henry VIII was born in Greenwich.

● 1519 - Charles V elected emperor of the Holy Roman Empire.

● 1577 - Birth of Peter Paul Rubens, Flemish painter. His most famous canvasses include 'Descent from the Cross' and 'Erection of the Cross.'

● 1635 - French colony of Guadeloupe established in the Caribbean

● 1651 - Battle of Beresteczko between Poles and Ukrainians, the biggest battle in the 17th century, starts.

● 1675 - Frederick William of Brandenburg crushed the Swedes.

● 1709 - The Russians defeated the Swedes and Cossacks at the Battle of Poltava.

● 1712 - Birth of French philosopher Jean Jacques Rousseau.

● 1763 - Earthquake in Komarom, Hungary

● 1770 - Quakers open a school for blacks in Philadelphia

● 1776 - American Colonists repulsed a British sea attack on Charleston, SC.

● 1776 - Thomas Hinkey was hanged for mutiny, sedition, and treachery for plotting to kidnap George Washington. Hinkey was one of his bodyguards.

● 1778 - American Revolutionary War: Battle of Monmouth fought between the American Continental Army under George Washington and the British Army led by Sir Henry Clinton.

● 1778 - Mary "Molly Pitcher" Hays McCauley, wife of an American artilleryman, carried water to the soldiers during the Battle of Monmouth and, supposedly, took her husband's place at his gun after he was overcome with heat.

● 1816 - Luddite attack on Heathcoat and Boden's Mill at Loughborough, England.

● 1820 - Tomato is proven nonpoisonous {I'm so glad, I was thinking about trying one.}

● 1836 - James Madison, the fourth president of the United States, died in Montpelier, Va., at age 85.

● 1838 - The coronation of Victoria of the United Kingdom.

● 1851 - Birth of Eliza E. Hewitt, American Presbyterian church worker and devotional author. Four of her hymns still endure: 'Will There Be Any Stars?', 'More About Jesus I Would Know,' 'When We All Get to Heaven' and 'Sunshine in the Soul.'

● 1861 - Leipzig Observatory discovers short-period (6.2 yrs) Comet d'Arrest

● 1862 - Day 4 of the 7 Days-Battle of Savage's Station

● 1865 - The Army of the Potomac is disbanded

● 1869 - R. W. Wood was appointed as the first Surgeon General of the U.S. Navy.

● 1874 - Freedmen's Bank closes

● 1880 - Ned Kelly the Australian bushranger captured at Glenrowan.

● 1881 - Secret treaty between Austria and Serbia.

● 1886 - C H F Peters discovers asteroid #259 Aletheia

● 1886 - First scheduled Canadian transcontinental passenger train departs from Montreal, Quebec for Port Moody, British Columbia.

● 1887 - Minot, North Dakota incorporated as a city.

● 1894 - Labor Day established by U.S. Congress amid intense labor unrest.

● 1895 - El Salvador, Honduras and Nicaragua form the Central American Union.

● 1895 - Mass burning of firearms by Russian Doukhobovs.

● 1902 - Congress authorizes Louisiana Purchase Expo $1 gold coin

● 1902 - The U.S. Congress passed the Spooner bill, it authorized a canal to be built across the isthmus of Panama.

● 1902 - Richard Rodgers, the American composer who was a major force in 20th century musical comedy, was born.

● 1905 - Odessa taken by revolutionaries. Workers' Councils formed. Russian sailors mutiny aboard the battleship "Potemkin."

● 1909 - 1st French air show, Concours d'Avation opens

● 1911 - Samuel J. Battle became the first African-American policeman in New York City.

● 1912 - Black rebellion in Cuba is crushed when leader Estenoz killed in battle.

● 1914 - Assassination of the heir to the throne of Austria, Archduke Franz Ferdinand and his wife, Sophia, in Sarajevo by a Serbian Nationalist, Gavrilo Princip. This incident precipitated a war with Serbia, eventually starting WW1

● 1914 - Birth of Lester Roloff, American evangelist. In his later years he founded the 'City of Refuge,' a work specializing in reforming children who came from broken homes.

● 1918 - 1st flight between Hawaiian Islands

● 1919 - The Treaty of Versailles is signed in Paris, formally ending World War I between Britain, France, Italy, the United States and allies on the one side and Germany and Austria Hungary on the other side exactly five years after it began. The treaty also established the League of Nations.

● 1921 - A coal strike in Great Britain was settled after three months.

● 1922 - First Welsh Children's Goodwill Message broadcast from Leafield, Oxfordshire, England.

● 1922 - The Irish Civil War begins with the shelling of the Four Courts in Dublin by Free State forces.

● 1924 - Tornado strikes Sandusky Ohio & Lorain Ohio, killing 93

● 1928 - Alfred E Smith (NY-Gov) nominated for president at Democratic Convention

● 1928 - Friedrich Schmiedl attempted rocket mail in Austria (unsucessful)

● 1930 - More than 1,000 communists were routed during an assault on the British consulate in London.

● 1936 - The Japanese puppet state of Mengjiang is formed in northern China.

● 1938 - A 450 metric ton meteorite struck the earth in an empty field near Chicora, Pennsylvania

● 1938 - The U.S. Congress created the Federal Housing Administration (FHA) to insure construction loans.

● 1938 - U.S. national minimum wage enacted.

● 1939 - Pan American Airways began the first transatlantic passenger service.

● 1940 - Romania cedes Bessarabia (current-day Moldova) to the Soviet Union.

● 1942 - German troops launched an offensive to seize Soviet oil fields in the Caucasus and the city of Stalingrad.

● 1944 - The Republican National Convention in Chicago nominated New York Gov. Thomas E. Dewey for president.

● 1945 - Polish Provisional Government of National Unity set up by Soviets

● 1945 - U.S. General Douglas MacArthur announced the end of Japanese resistance in the Philippines.

● 1946 - Enrico de Nicola becomes 1st president of Italy

● 1948 - Cominform circulates the "Resolution on the situation in the Communist Party of Yugoslavia"

● 1949 - The last U.S. combat troops were called home from Korea, leaving only 500 advisers.

● 1950 - North Korean forces captured Seoul, South Korea.

● 1954 - French troops began to pull out of Vietnam’s Tonkin Province.

● 1956 - 1st atomic reactor built for private research operates Chicago Ill

● 1956 - Anti-communist demonstrations in Poznań. Also called Poznański czerwiec (June of Poznań).

● 1958 - Algeria prisoners freed to win Muslim support; France orders the release of 30 political prisoners to win Muslim support for plans on Algeria's future.

● 1960 - Welsh pit blast kills 37 miners; At least 37 men are killed in a gas explosion at a coal mine in Monmouthshire, Wales.

● 1960 - 26.42 cm (10.40") of rainfall, Dunmor, Kentucky (state 24-hour record)

● 1960 - Cuba confiscates and nationalizes U.S.-owned oil refineries.

● 1962 - The Lutheran Church in America (LCA) was formed with the merger of four Lutheran synods: the United Lutheran Church in America, the Augustana Evangelical Lutheran Church, the American Evangelical Lutheran Church and the Finnish Evangelical Lutheran Church.

● 1964 - Malcolm X founded the Organization for Afro American Unity to seek independence for blacks in the Western Hemisphere.

● 1965 - 1st US ground combat forces in Vietnam authorized by Pres Johnson

● 1965 - A R Klemola discovers asteroid #2179 Platzeck

● 1965 - The first commercial satellite began communications service. It was Early Bird (Intelsat II).

● 1967 - Fourteen people were shot in race riots in Buffalo, New York.

● 1967 - Israel formally declared Jerusalem reunified under its sovereignty following its capture of the Arab sector in the June 1967 war.

● 1967 - Karol Wojtyla, the future Pope John Paul II, was named a cardinal by Pope Paul VI.

● 1968 - Daniel Ellsberg indicted for leaking Pentagon Papers

● 1969 - Stonewall Rebellion in New York City--a riot of drag queens enraged by yet another evening of casual police brutality--marks birth of modern gay rights movement in U.S.

● 1971 - Fillmore East closes

● 1971 - Supreme Court overturns draft evasion conviction of Muhammad Ali, four years after the original conviction.

● 1971 - T Smirnova discovers asteroid #3093

● 1971 - The U.S. Supreme Court declared that state underwriting of nonreligious instruction in parochial schools was unconstitutional.

● 1972 - U.S. President Nixon announced that no new draftees would be sent to Vietnam.

● 1973 - Elections are held for the Northern Ireland Assembly, which will lead to power-sharing between unionists and nationalists in Northern Ireland for the first time.

● 1973 - Lawsuit in Detroit challenges Little League's "no girls" rule

● 1974 - Fall of earth & rocks kill 200. (Quebrada Blanca Canyon, Columbia)

● 1976 - Death sentence for mercenaries; Three Britons and an American are sentenced to death by firing squad for their roles during the Angolan civil war.

● 1976 - The first women entered the U.S. Air Force Academy.

● 1977 - Supreme Court allows Federal control of Nixon tapes papers

● 1978 - The U.S. Supreme Court ordered the medical school at the University of California at Davis to admit Allan Bakke. Bakke, a white man, argued he had been a victim of reverse racial discrimination.

● 1978 - UNICEF chooses rock group Kansas as ambassadors of goodwill

● 1980 - NYC transit fare rises from 50¢ to 60¢

● 1982 - Prince Upchuck & Lady Di name their baby "William"

● 1983 - NASA launches Galaxy-A

● 1983 - The Mianus River Bridge collapses over the Mianus River in Connecticut, killing 3 drivers in their vehicles.

● 1985 - Discovery ferried back to Kennedy Space Center via Bergstrom AFB, TX

● 1986 - Kenneth & Nellie Pike challenge Ala Dem runoff win by AG C Graddick

● 1987 - E F Helin discovers asteroid #3680 Sasha

● 1988 - The worst confined-space industrial accident in U.S. history occurs at a metal-plating plant in Auburn, Indiana, killing five.

● 1989 - Slobodan Milošević's delivers the Kosovo Polje speech

● 1989 - U.S. Congress reinstates Coquille Indians of Oregon.

● 1991 - Thatcher to retire from Commons; Margaret Thatcher is to give up her seat in the House of Commons at the general election.

● 1992 - The Constitution of Estonia is signed into law.

● 1994 - Department of Energy discloses that hundreds of U.S. citizens were unwittingly used for radiation experiments during the Cold War.

● 1995 - Webster Hubbell, the former No. 3 official at the Justice Department, was sentenced to 21 months in prison for bilking clients of the law firm where he and Hillary Rodham Clinton were partners.

● 1995 - State police in Guerrero, Mexico, ambush members of the Southern Sierra Peasant Organization (OCSS) near Aguas Blancas, Guerrero, and killed 17 of them.

● 1996 - The Citadel voted to admit women, ending a 153-year-old men-only policy at the South Carolina military school.

● 1996 - The Constitution of Ukraine is signed into law.

● 1998 - Poland, due to shortage of funds, is allowed to lease, U.S. aircraft to bring military force up to NATO standards.

● 2000 - The Supreme Court ruled the Boy Scouts can bar homosexuals from serving as troop leaders. {This legitimizes discrimination based on genetics instead of prior bad acts.}

● 2000 - Six-year-old Elián González returned to Cuba from the U.S. with his father. The child had been the center of an international custody dispute.

● 2000 - The U.S. Supreme Court declared that a Nebraska law that outlawed "partial birth abortions" was unconstitutional. About 30 U.S. states had similar laws at the time of the ruling.

● 2001 - Slobodan Milosevic was taken into custody and was handed over to the U.N. war crimes tribunal in The Hague, Netherlands. The indictment charged Milosevic and four other senior officials, with crimes against humanity and violations of the laws and customs of war in Kosovo.

● 2001 - The U.S. Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit set aside an order that would break up Microsoft for antitrust violations. However, the judges did agree that the company was in violation of antitrust laws.

● 2004 - Estonia, Lithuania and Slovenia join the European Exchange Rate Mechanism

● 2004 - Sovereign power is handed to the interim government of Iraq by the Coalition Provisional Authority, ending the U.S.-led rule of that nation. {Yeah and if believe this crap I have some ski resort land for sale in Phoenix.}

● 2004 - The 17th NATO Summit starts in Istanbul.

● 2004- The U.S. resumed diplomatic ties with Libya after a 24-year break.

● 2005 - A final design for Manhattan's Freedom Tower is formally unveiled.

● 2005 - Canada becomes the third country in the world to legalize same-sex marriage.

● 2006 - The Republic of Montenegro was admitted as the 192nd Member of the United Nations by General Assembly resolution 60/264.


BIRTHS

● 1243 - Emperor Go-Fukakusa of Japan (d. 1304)

● 1476 - Pope Paul IV (d. 1559)

● 1490 - Albert of Mainz, bishop and elector of Mainz (d. 1545)

● 1491 - King Henry VIII of England (d. 1547)

● 1503 - Giovanni della Casa, Italian poet (d. 1556)

● 1547 (baptism) - Cristofano Malvezzi, Italian composer (d. 1599)

● 1577 - Peter Paul Rubens, Belgian painter (d. 1640)

● 1703 - John Wesley, English founder of Methodism (d. 1791)

● 1712 - Jean-Jacques Rousseau, Swiss philosopher (d. 1778)

● 1719 - Étienne François, duc de Choiseul, French statesman (d. 1785)

● 1806 - Napoleon Coste, French guitarist and composer (d. 1883)

● 1819 - Carlotta Grisi, Italian ballerina (d. 1899)

● 1824 - Paul Broca, French physician (d. 1880)

● 1831 - Joseph Joachim, Austrian violinist (d. 1907)

● 1858 - Otis Skinner, American actor (d. 1942)

● 1867 - Luigi Pirandello, Italian writer, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1936)

● 1873 - Alexis Carrel, French surgeon and biologist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (d. 1944)

● 1875 - Henri Lebesgue, French mathematician (d. 1941)

● 1883 - Pierre Laval, Prime Minister of France (d. 1945)

● 1884 - Lamina Sankoh, early Sierra Leonean nationalist (d. 1964)

● 1887 - Floyd Dell, American novelist and journalist (d. 1969)

● 1891 - Carl Spaatz, American first chief of staff of the Air Force (d. 1974)

● 1891 - Carl Panzram, American serial killer (d. 1930)

● 1892 - E. H. Carr, English political scientist and historian (d. 1982)

● 1902 - Richard Rodgers, American composer (d. 1979)

● 1906 - Maria Goeppert-Mayer, German physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1972)

● 1909 - Eric Ambler, English author and screenwriter (d. 1998)

● 1912 - Sergiu Celibidache, Romanian conductor (d. 1996)

● 1912 - Carl Friedrich von Weizsäcker, German physicist and philosopher (d. 2007)

● 1913 - Franz Antel, Austrian filmmaker

● 1913 - Walter Oesau, German pilot (d. 1944)

● 1914 - Aribert Heim, Austrian physician

● 1920 - A. E. Hotchner, American editor, novelist and playwright

● 1921 - P. V. Narasimha Rao, Prime Minister of India (d. 2004)

● 1923 - Adolfo Schwelm Cruz, Argentine racing driver

● 1926 - Mel Brooks, American filmmaker

● 1927 - Frank Sherwood Rowland, American chemist, Nobel laureate

● 1928 - Dr Hans Blix, Head of the United Nations Monitoring, Verification and Inspection Commission 2000-2003

● 1928 - Harold Evans, English journalist and writer; editor of The Sunday Times 1967-1981

● 1930 - Itamar Franco, President of Brazil

● 1932 - Pat Morita, American actor (d. 2005)

● 1933 - Gusty Spence, Northern Irish loyalist politician

● 1934 - Carl Levin, United States Senator (D-MI)

● 1935 - John Inman, English actor (d. 2007)

● 1936 - Chuck Howley, American football player

● 1937 - George Knudson, Canadian golfer (d. 1989)

● 1938 - Leon Panetta, Former White House chief of staff

● 1938 - Moy Yat, Chinese martial artist (d. 2001)

● 1940 - Muhammad Yunus, Bangladeshi banker, economist and recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize

● 1941 - Al Downing, American baseball player

● 1941 - Joseph Goguen, American computer scientist (d. 2006)

● 1943 - Klaus von Klitzing, German physicist, Nobel Prize laureate

● 1945 - David Knights, English bass guitarist (Procul Harum)

● 1946 - Gilda Radner, American actress (d. 1989)

● 1946 - Bruce Davison, Actor

● 1947 - Mark Helprin, American writer

● 1947 - Anny Duperey, French film and television actress

● 1947 - Clarissa Dickson Wright, English celebrity chef

● 1947 - Robert Bondi, American politician

● 1948 - Kathy Bates, American actress

● 1950 - Mauricio Rojas, Swedish politician

● 1952 - Pietro Mennea, Italian athlete

● 1952 - David Miner, American musician and record producer

● 1954 - Alice Krige, South African actress

● 1955 - Thomas Hampson, American baritone

● 1957 - Georgi Parvanov, President of Bulgaria

● 1960 - John Elway, American football player and Hall of Fame member

● 1962 - Tony Mercedes, Record company executive

● 1963 - Beverley Craven, singer-songwriter, most notably hit 'Promise Me' (UK no. 3, 1991)

● 1964 - Mark Grace, American baseball player

● 1965 - Saul Davies, Rock musician (James)

● 1965 - Jessica Hecht, Actress

● 1966 - John Cusack, American actor

● 1966 - Mary Stuart Masterson, American actress

● 1967 - Gil Bellows, Actor ("Ally McBeal")

● 1967 - Lars Riedel, German discus thrower

● 1968 - Adam Woodyatt, British actor

● 1969 - Danielle Brisebois, American actress

● 1969 - David Allen Lambert, American genealogist and author

● 1969 - Jimmy Sommers, Jazz saxophonist

● 1970 - Mushtaq Ahmed, Pakistani cricketer

● 1970 - Steve Burton, American actor

● 1971 - Tichina Arnold, American actress ("Everybody Hates Chris")

● 1971 - Fabien Barthez, French footballer

● 1971 - Kenny Cunningham, Irish footballer

● 1971 - Aileen Quinn, American actress

● 1971 - Norika Fujiwara, Japanese actress and television personality

● 1971 - Juan Carlos Echeverry, Colombian operatic tenor

● 1972 - Alessandro Nivola, Actor

● 1972 - Jon Heidenreich, American professional wrestler

● 1973 - Adrian Annus, Hungarian athlete

● 1974 - Cindy Hall, American game show contestant

● 1976 - Tim Nordwind, Rock musician (OK Go)

● 1976 - Shinobu Asagoe, Japanese tennis player

● 1976 - Seth Wescott, American snowboarder

● 1977 - Mark Stoermer, American bass player (The Killers)

● 1979 - Ha Ji-won, South Korean actress and singer

● 1979 - Randy McMichael, American football player

● 1986 - Kellie Pickler, American singer

● 1986 - Shadia Simmons, Canadian actress

● 1990 - Jasmine Richards, Canadian actress

● 1994 - Madeline Duggan, English actress

● 1994 - Prince Hussein bin Al Abdullah II, Prince of Jordan


DEATHS

● 548 - Theodora, Byzantine empress

● 767 - Pope Paul I

● 928 - Louis the Blind, King of Provence

● 1061 - Floris I, Count of Holland

● 1175 - Andrei Bogolyubsky, Russian prince

● 1194 - Emperor Xiaozong of Song China (b. 1127)

● 1385 - Andronicus IV Palaeologus, Eastern Roman Emperor (b. 1348)

● 1389 - Prince Lazar Hrebeljanović of Serbia (b. 1329)

● 1586 - Primož Trubar, Slovenian Protestant reformer (b. 1508)

● 1598 - Abraham Ortelius, Flemish-born cartographer (b. 1527)

● 1716 - George FitzRoy, 1st Duke of Northumberland, English general (b. 1665)

● 1813 - Gerhard von Scharnhorst, Prussian general (b. 1755)

● 1834 - Joseph Bové, Russian architect (b. 1784)

● 1836 - James Madison, President of the United States (b. 1751)

● 1881 - Jules Armand Dufaure, French statesman (b. 1798)

● 1892 - Alexandros Rhizos Rhankaves, Greek poet and statesman (b. 1810)

● 1889 - Maria Mitchell, American astronomer (b. 1818)

● 1913 - Manoel Ferraz de Campos Salles, President of Brazil (b. 1841)

● 1914 - Franz Ferdinand, Archduke of Austria (assassinated) (b. 1863)

● 1914 - Countess Sophie Chotek, wife of Franz Ferdinand, Archduke of Austria (assassinated) (b. 1868)

● 1915 - Victor Trumper, Australian cricketer (b. 1877)

● 1916 - Ştefan Luchian, Romanian painter (b. 1868)

● 1922 - Velimir Khlebnikov, Russian poet (b. 1885)

● 1929 - Edward Carpenter, English poet (b. 1844)

● 1960 - Jake Swirbul, American aircraft manufacturer (b. 1898)

● 1962 - Mickey Cochrane, baseball player (b. 1903)

● 1962 - Cy Morgan, baseball player (b. 1878)

● 1965 - Red Nichols, American musician (b. 1905)

● 1971 - Franz Stangl, commandant of concentration camps (b. 1908)

● 1974 - Frank Sutton, American actor (b. 1923)

● 1975 - Rod Serling, American television scriptwriter (b. 1924)

● 1976 - Stanley Baker, British actor and producer (b. 1927)

● 1978 - Clifford Dupont, First President of Rhodesia (b. 1905)

● 1980 - José Iturbi, Spanish pianist and conductor (b. 1895)

● 1981 - Terry Fox, Canadian athlete and cancer activist (b. 1958)

● 1985 - Lambros Konstantaras, Greek actor (b. 1913)

● 1989 - Joris Ivens, Dutch filmmaker (b. 1898)

● 1992 - Mikhail Tal, Latvian chess player (b. 1936)

● 1993 - GG Allin, American punk rock singer (b. 1956)

● 1997 - Mrs. Miller, American singer (b. 1907)

● 2000 - Jane Birdwood, British anti-Semitic activist (b. 1913)

● 2000 - Nils Poppe, Swedish actor (b. 1908)

● 2001 - Mortimer Adler, American philosopher (b. 1902)

● 2001 - Joan Sims, English actress (b. 1930)

● 2003 - Wim Slijkhuis, Dutch athlete (b. 1923)

● 2004 - Anthony Buckeridge, English author (b. 1912)

● 2005 - Brenda Howard, American LGBT activist (b. 1946)

● 2006 - George Unwin, British fighter ace WWII (b. 1913)

● 2006 - Jim Baen, American science fiction publisher and editor (b. 1943)

● 2006 - Peter Rawlinson, Baron Rawlinson of Ewell, English barrister, politician and author (b. 1919)


HOLIDAYS AND OBSERVANCES

● Roman Catholic:
● St. Almus
● St. Argymirus
● St. Austell
● St. Benignus
● St. Crummine
● St. Egilo
● St. Heimrad
● St. Irenaeus of Lyon, bishop and martyr
● St. John Southworth
● St. Marcella
● St. Paul I, Pope (died 767)
● St. Plutarch
● St. Theodichildis
● St. Vincenza Gerosa

● Russian Orthodox Christian Menaion Calendar for June 15 (Civil Date: June 28)
● Prophet Amos.
● St. Jonah, Metropolitan of Moscow.
● Martyrs Vitus, Modestus, and Crescentia at Lucania.
● Martyr Dulas of Cilicia.
● St. Jerome (Hieronymus) of Stridonium.
● St. Dulas the Passion-bearer of Egypt.
● St. Lazarus, prince of Serbia.
● Translation of the Relics of St. Theodore the Sykeote.
● St. Orsiesius of Tabenna, disciple of St. Pachomius the Great.
● Blessed Augustine, Bishop of Hippo.
● Saints Gregory and Cassian, abbots of Avnezhk (Vologda).
● St. Michael, first Metropolitan of Kiev.
● St. Symeon, Archbishop of Novgorod.
● St. Ephraim, Patriarch of Serbia.
● Martyr Leonis (Leonida) of Syria.
● St. Abraham, abbot of Auvergne (Gaul).

● Greek Calendar:
● Apostles Fortunatus, Achaicus, and Stephen.
● Martyr Grace.
● St. Joseph, monk of Bethlehem.
● Icon of the Most Holy Theotokos "Marianica".
● Repose of Jonah, fool-for-Christ of Peshnosha Monastery (1838).

● Orthodox:
● Vidovdan, commemorating St. Vitus

● Anglican and Lutheran
● St. Irenaeus of Lyon, bishop and martyr

● Malta : Mnarja Day-recreate customs of Middle Ages

● This Holiday is only applicable on a given "day of the week"
● Iowa : Independence Sunday (1776) - ( Sunday )



Click on this LINK to see original Wikipedia list with many having links with details.

Additional facts taken from:


On this day in the New York Times

The BBC’s Take on the day

On This Day Website

Geov Parrish's this Day in Radical History, things that happened on this day that you never had to memorize in school.

Scope Systems Any Day Website

Roman Catholic Saint of the Day

Russian Orthodox Christian Menaion Calendar

Quotes of the Day taken from The Best Liberal Quotes Ever: Why the Left Is Right Compiled by William P. Martin ©2004

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