Happenings at This Day in History

About a year ago I stopped making regular updates to this blog to concentrate on my Namnesia Antidote blog. While that is an ongoing effort, I am starting what should be about a year long effort to revitalize the concept of a "This Day in History" blog. I have decided to leave this blog intact and as-is, using a new "This Day in History 2.0" blog for my expanded and full version. Please feel free to email with your ideas. The two tables below should allow you to find a posting for the "Day in History" you wish to research.

A Proud Liberal


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Thursday, September 13, 2007

September 13......

September 13 is the 256th (257th in leap years) day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. There are 109 days remaining in the year on this date.

Best Liberal Quote of the Day: On Conformity "The reward for conformity is everyone likes you but yourself." — Rita Mae Brown

Stupidest and/or Scariest Quote from the Right for the Day: On Free Speech For Me (But Not For Thee)
"October 31,2003
Mr. Leslie Moonves
President, CBS Television
524 W. 57th Street
New York, NY 10019

Dear Mister Moonves:
I have recently seen reports about the upcoming CBS miniseries "The Reagans" and am concerned that its portrayal of our 40th President and Mrs. Reagan and the Reagan Presidency may not be historically accurate.{Actually what he feared most was the dispelling of the myths that surrounded Reagan.}

A CBS statement describes the series as "Programming that informs, entertains and hopefully, stirs meaningful discourse." But if your series contains omissions, {How can something contain omissions?} exaggerations, distortions or scenes that are fiction masquerading as fact, the American people may come away with a misunderstanding of the Reagans and the Reagan Administrations. Those graduating from college this year were only about five years old when President Reagan left office, and this broadcast will have a significant impact on their understanding of his legacy. {Yeah, they might find out how much harm Reagan caused and we are dealing with still.}

One producer, Neil Meron, said, "This is not a vendetta, this is not revenge. It is about telling a good story in our honest sort of way." I'm not sure "honest sort of way" meets a proper standard for historical accuracy . . . {His only idea of a proper standard is one that continues the cover-up for Reagan.}

To avoid any confusion as to what constitutes treating the President, Mrs. Reagan and the Reagan Administrations in an honest sort of way, I respectfully request that you allow a team of historians to review the program for historical accuracy, and a panel of people who actually know the Reagans personally to review it for accuracy in its portrayal of them as individuals before it is aired. {We all know how unbiased personal friends can be.}

If you're unwilling to do so, I respectfully request that you inform your viewers via a crawl every ten minutes that the program is fictional portrayal of the Reagans and the Reagan Presidency, and they should not consider it to be historically accurate. {And please don't mention that it was the Reagan Administration that abolished the Fairness Doctrine that might have required this to be done.}

Public exposure of an improper implication caused you to delete from the program itself a scene that was included in the very limited promotional release. It would be reassuring to know that the program in its entirety, rather than only the ten-minute promotional video, had been subject to review for accuracy. {Accuracy as defined by the RNC.}

I feel confident the American people would appreciate your clarity and it would go a long towards the meaningful discourse you desire. {In other words, give us a chance to pre-empt the truth from coming out.}
Sincerely,
Ed Gillespie, Sent via Fax and Email" — This letter was by the Republican National Committee Chairman, and posted on the RNC website, RNC.org.

Dumbest Thing Said for the Day: From Politics "I've always thought that underpopulated countries in Africa are vastly underpolluted." — Lawrence Summers, chief economist of the World Bank, explaining why we should export toxic wastes to Third World countries

Thought for the day: "Never say you know a man until you have divided an inheritance with him."

{Disclaimer: I have attempted to give credit to the many different sources that I get entries. Any failure to do so is unintentional. Any statement enclosed by brackets like these are the opinion of the blogger, A Proud Liberal.}


NASA ASTRONOMY PICTURE OF THE DAY

NGC 7129 and NGC 7142


Credit & Copyright: Tony Hallas
Click picture to go to NASA APOD site for full explanation


EVENTS

● 509 B.C.E. - The temple of Jupiter on Rome's Capitoline Hill is dedicated on the ides of September.

● 122 - The building of Hadrian's Wall begins.

● 533 - General Belisarius of the Byzantine Empire defeats Gelimer and the Vandals at the Battle of Ad Decimium, near Carthage, North Africa.

● 604 - Sabinian begins his reign as Catholic Pope

● 1224 - Francis of Assisi is afflicted with stigmata.

● 1440 - Gilles de Rais is finally taken into custody upon an accusation brought against him by the Bishop of Nantes.

● 1503 - Michelangelo begins work on his statue of David.

● 1609 - Henry Hudson reached the river that would later be named after him - the Hudson River.

● 1625 - Rabbi Isiah Horowith & 15 other rabbis arrested in Jerusalem

● 1635 - The Massachusetts General Court banished Separatist preacher Roger Williams, 32, for criticizing the Massachusetts Bay Company charter and for perpetually advocating a separation of church and state.

● 1663 - First serious recorded slave revolt in colonial America in Gloucester County, Virginia. The conspirators, both white servants and black slaves, are betrayed by fellow indentured servants.

● 1743 - Great Britain, Austria and Savoy-Sardinia sign the Treaty of Worms (1743).

● 1759 - The French were defeated by the British on the Plains of Abraham in the final French and Indian War. As a result Canada becomes English.

● 1788 - The Constitutional Convention decided that the first federal election was to be held on Wednesday the following February. On that day George Washington was elected as the first president of the United States. In addition, New York City was named the temporary national capital.

● 1789 - The United States Government took out its first loan (from New York City banks).

● 1791 - King Louis XVI of France accepts the new constitution.

● 1814 - Francis Scott Key writes "The Star-Spangled Banner" to the tune of a drinking song.

● 1814 - The British fail to capture Baltimore, Maryland. Turning point in the War of 1812.

● 1845 - William Walford's hymn, "Sweet Hour of Prayer," first appeared in print in the "New York Observer." Walford (1772-1850), a blind lay preacher, had written the poem three years earlier in the village of Coleshill, England.

● 1847 - Mexican-American War: Six teenage military cadets known as Niños Héroes die defending Chapultepec Castle in the Battle of Chapultepec. In the final, decisive battle of the Mexican-American War, U.S. Army seizes Mexico City, forces Mexico to cede nearly half its land mass -- what are now Arizona, New Mexico, and portions of Alta California, Nevada, Utah, Colorado, and Texas.

● 1858 - Students at Oberlin College free fugitive slave from slave catchers.

● 1860 - John J. Pershing, American commander of the American Expeditionary Force in World War I, was born.

● 1862 - American Civil War: Union soldiers find a copy of Robert E. Lee's battle plans in a field outside Frederick, Maryland. It is the prelude to the Battle of Antietam. {This is considered a critical turning point in the war and is often used as a story device in alternate history stories, with the plans never being found that is.}

● 1867 - Gen E R S Canby orders SC courts to impanel blacks jurors

● 1880 - England passes the first Employers' Liability Act, granting compensation to workers injured on the job.

● 1882 - The Battle of Tel al-Kebir is fought in the 1882 Anglo-Egyptian War as Britain invades Egypt.

● 1886 - Birth of Alain Locke, Philadelphia, Pa. First African-American Rhodes scholar and an influential writer, educator, and philosopher.

● 1898 - Hannibal Williston Goodwin patented celluloid photographic film, which is used to make movies.

● 1899 - Henry Bliss is the first person in the United States to be killed in an automobile accident. More to follow.

● 1899 - Mackinder, Ollier and Brocherel make the first ascent of Batian (5,199m - 17,058 ft), the highest peak of Mount Kenya.

● 1900 - Filipino resistance fighters defeat a small American column in the Battle of Pulang Lupa, during the Philippine-American War.

● 1906 - First fixed-wing aircraft flight in Europe.

● 1914 - During World War I, South African troops open hostilities in German south-west Africa (Namibia) with an assault on the Ramansdrift police station.

● 1922 - The temperature (in the shade) at Al 'Aziziyah, Libya reaches a world record 57.7°C (135.9°F).

● 1923 - Military coup in Spain - Miguel Primo de Rivera takes over, setting up a dictatorship.

● 1931 - Having recently suffered a nervous breakdown, Foursquare Gospel founder Aimee Semple McPherson, 40, entered an ill-fated marriage to David Hutton. (They divorced four years later.)

● 1935 - Rockslide near Whirlpool Rapids Bridge ends the Great Gorge and International Railway.

● 1939 - Canada enters World War II.

● 1940 - The Southern Baptist General Convention of California was organized at Shafter by representatives of 14 congregations attending an associational meeting of the denomination.

● 1940 - World War II: German bombs damage Buckingham Palace.

● 1940 - World War II: Italy invades Egypt.

● 1942 - German forces attack Stalingrad

● 1942 - World War II: Second day of the Battle of Edson's Ridge in the Guadalcanal campaign. U.S. Marines successfully defeated attacks by the Imperial Japanese Army with heavy losses for the Japanese forces.

● 1943 - Chiang Kai-shek elected president of the Republic of China.

● 1948 - Margaret Chase Smith (R-ME) is elected senator, and becomes the first woman to serve in both the U.S. House of Representatives and the United States Senate.

● 1953 - Nikita Khrushchev appointed secretary-general of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union.

● 1956 - IBM introduces the first computer disk storage unit, the RAMAC 305.

● 1956 - The dike around the Dutch polder East Flevoland is closed.

● 1959 - The Soviet Union's Luna 2 became the first space probe to reach the moon. It was launched the day before.

● 1960 - The U.S. Federal Communications Commission banned payola.

● 1961 - Bertrand Russell, aged 89, and 32 others arrested for a major demonstration against nuclear weapons in Trafalgar Square, London.

● 1961 - Unmanned Mercury-Atlas 4 launched into Earth orbit

● 1962 - Swiss Reformed theologian Karl Barth wrote in a letter: 'God, according to 2 Cor. 5:19, reconciled the world to himself, not himself to the world.'

● 1968 - Albania leaves the Warsaw Pact. {Albania will become aligned with China rather than the USSR.}

● 1970 - IBM announces System 370 computer

● 1971 - Five hundred New York state troopers storm Attica Prison, ending a five-day-long uprising by opening fire. After firing 2,200 bullets in 9 minutes, 29 prisoners and 10 guards are left dead; 86 others are injured. The attack was ordered by Gov. (later Vice President) Nelson Rockefeller, who refused to take part in the preceding negotiations.

● 1971 - Pres. Nixon, speaking to chief of staff Bob Haldeman - "Now here's the point, Bob. Please get me the names of the Jews. You know, the big Jewish contributors to the Democrats. Could we please investigate some of the cocksuckers?"

● 1972 - Forty pissed off Indians take over BIA office in Pawnee, Okla.

● 1976 - 2nd Enterprise, approach & lands test (ALT) flight (5m28s)

● 1977 - 2nd test of the Space Shuttle Enterprise

● 1977 - The first diesel automobiles were introduced by General Motors.

● 1979 - South Africa grants independence to the "homeland" of Venda (not recognised outside South Africa).

● 1980 - Missing Scottish bear is found; The bear who went missing on a Scottish island while being filmed for a television commercial is recaptured.

● 1982 - 50 die in Spantax Airlines DC-10 on takeoff from Malaga, Spain

● 1982 - European Parliament votes for phasing out promotion and advertising of war toys.

● 1982 - Residents demand damages for damages caused by radioactive exposure during above ground nuclear tests in 1950s in southern Nevada and Utah.

● 1982 - Dingo baby trial opens in Australia; A mother who claims her nine-week-old daughter was killed by a dingo appears in court in Australia charged with her murder.

● 1983 - First accompaniment group from Peace Brigades International arrives in Guatemala to provide nonviolent witness and protection for indigenous leaders.

● 1983 - US mint strikes 1st gold coin in 50 years (Olympic Eagle)

● 1984 - STS 41-G launch vehicle moves to launch pad

● 1987 - Goiânia accident: A radioactive object is stolen from an abandoned hospital in Goiânia, Brazil, contaminating many people in the following weeks and leading some to die from radiation poisoning.

● 1988 - Cubans blame shooting on 'CIA plot'; A Cuban diplomat opened fire in a crowded London street because of an American plot to make him defect, his government says.

● 1988 - Hurricane Gilbert is the strongest recorded hurricane in the Western Hemisphere (based on barometric pressure of 26.13 inches of mercury).

● 1989 - Largest anti-Apartheid march in South Africa, led by Desmond Tutu.

● 1990 - Iraqi troops storm the residence of French ambassador in Kuwait

● 1990 - Senate Judiciary Com opens hearing on confirmation of David Souter

● 1991 - A 55 ton concrete beam falls in Montreal's Olympic Stadium

● 1993 - Direct action begins against construction of M11 freeway in East London.

● 1993 - Israeli Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin shakes hands with PLO chairman Yasser Arafat at the White House after signing an accord granting limited Palestinian autonomy. This was the public unveiling of the Oslo Accords, an Israeli-Palestinian peace agreement initiated by Norway.

● 1994 - U.S. President Bill Clinton signed a $30 billion crime bill into law.

● 1994 - Ulysses probe passes the Sun's south pole.

● 1995 - A grenade was fired at the U.S. Embassy in Moscow. The wall was pierced but there were no injuries.

● 1996 - Rapper Tupac Shakur died at a Las Vegas hospital six days after he was wounded in a drive-by shooting; he was 25.

● 1997 - Funeral services were held in Calcutta, India, for Nobel peace laureate Mother Teresa.

● 1998 - Former Alabama Gov. George C. Wallace died at age 79.

● 1998 - The New York Times closed its Web site after hackers added offensive material.

● 1999 - Bomb explodes in Moscow, Russia. At least 119 people are killed.

● 2000 - Former Los Alamos scientist Wen Ho Lee pleaded guilty in Albuquerque, N.M., to one count of mishandling nuclear secrets. Lee, who had been held in solitary confinement for nine months, was set free with an apology from U.S. District Judge James Parker.

● 2001 - Civilian aircraft traffic resumes in the U.S. after the September 11, 2001 attacks. {Unless of course you belong to the bin-Laden family in which case the Bush administration let you fly with Uncle Osama paying the bill.}

● 2001 - U.S. Secretary of State Colin Powell named Osama bin Laden as the prime suspect in the terror attacks on the United States on September 11, 2001.

● 2001 - Duncan Smith is new Tory leader; A relatively unknown former soldier and standard bearer of the Tory right is elected the new leader of the Conservative Party.

● 2006 - At Dawson College (Montreal), Kimveer Gill kills one student and wounds 19 others before committing suicide.

● 2006 - Former Texas Gov. Ann Richards died at age 73.

● 2007 - Another earthquake that follows Sep 12th earthquake in Indonesia occurred with a magnitude of 8.1 in Western Sumatra.


BIRTHS

● 1087 - John II Comnenus, Byzantine Emperor (d. 1143)

● 1475 - Cesare Borgia, Italian aristocrat (d. 1507)

● 1502 - John Leland, English antiquarian (d. 1552)

● 1520 - William Cecil, 1st Baron Burghley, English statesman (d. 1598)

● 1604 - William Brereton, English soldier and politician (d. 1661)

● 1739 - Grigori Potemkin, Russian statesman (d. 1791)

● 1766 - Samuel Wilson, possible namesake of Uncle Sam (d. 1854)

● 1775 - Laura Secord, Canadian war heroine (d. 1868)

● 1802 - Arnold Ruge, German philosopher and writer (d. 1880)

● 1813 - John Sedgwick, American Civil War general (d. 1864)

● 1813 - Daniel Macmillan, Scottish bookseller; co-founded Macmillan Publishing Co. (d. 1857)

● 1819 - Clara Schumann, German pianist and composer (d. 1896)

● 1826 - Anthony Drexel, American banker and philanthropist (d. 1893)

● 1830 - Marie von Ebner-Eschenbach, Austrian writer (d. 1916)

● 1842 - John H. Bankhead, U.S. Senator (d. 1920)

● 1851 - Walter Reed, American physician and biologist (d. 1902)

● 1857 - Michał Drzymała, Polish peasant rebel (d. 1937)

● 1857 - Milton S. Hershey, American confectioner (d. 1945)

● 1860 - John J. Pershing, American general (d. 1948)

● 1863 - Arthur Henderson, British politician and union leader, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize (d. 1935)

● 1865 - Maud Ballington Booth, English-born American cofounder of Volunteers of America (d. 1948)

● 1873 - Constantin Carathéodory, Greek mathematician (d. 1950)

● 1874 - Henry Fountain Ashurst, American politician (d. 1962)

● 1874 - Arnold Schoenberg, Austrian-born composer (d. 1951)

● 1876 - Sherwood Anderson, American writer (d. 1941)

● 1877 - Wilhelm Filchner, German explorer (d. 1957)

● 1877 - Stanley Lord, captain of the SS Californian the night of the Titanic disaster (d. 1962)

● 1882 - Ramón Grau, Cuban president (d. 1969)

● 1885 - Wilhelm Blaschke, Austrian geometer (d. 1962)

● 1886 - Sir Robert Robinson, British chemist, Nobel laureate (d. 1975)

● 1886 - Amelie Beese, German aviator and sculptor. (d. 1925)

● 1887 - Lavoslav Ruzicka, Croatian chemist, Nobel laureate (d. 1976)

● 1893 - Larry Shields, American musician (d. 1953)

● 1894 - J.B. Priestley, English playwright and novelist (d. 1984)

● 1894 - Julian Tuwim, Polish poet (d. 1953)

● 1895 - Morris Kirksey, American rugby player (d. 1981)

● 1899 - Corneliu Zelea Codreanu, leader of the Iron Guard (d. 1938)

● 1903 - Claudette Colbert, French-born actress (d. 1996)

● 1911 - Bill Monroe, American singer (d. 1996)

● 1916 - Roald Dahl, British writer (d. 1990)

● 1918 - Dick Haymes, Argentine vocalist (d. 1980)

● 1917 - Robert Ward, American composer

● 1922 - Charles Brown, American singer and pianist (d. 1999)

● 1923 - Edouard Boubat, French photographer (d. 1999)

● 1924 - Scott Brady, American film actor (d. 1985)

● 1924 - Maurice Jarre, French composer

● 1925 - Mel Tormé, American singer (d. 1999)

● 1926 - Emile Francis, Canadian ice hockey player and executive

● 1929 - Nicolai Ghiaurov, Bulgarian opera singer (d. 2004)

● 1930 - Robert Gavron, Baron Gavron, British printing millionaire

● 1931 - Barbara Bain, American actress

● 1933 - Eileen Fulton, American actress ("As the World Turns")

● 1936 - Stefano Delle Chiaie, Italian neo-Nazi

● 1937 - Fred Silverman, TV producer

● 1937 - Don Bluth, American animator

● 1938 - Judith Martin, American etiquette writer

● 1938 - John Smith, Labour Party Leader 1992 - 1994. (d. 1994)

● 1939 - Larry Speakes, Former White House spokesman

● 1939 - Richard Kiel, American actor

● 1940 - Óscar Arias, Costa Rican politician, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize

● 1941 - Tadao Ando, Japanese architect

● 1941 - Ahmet Necdet Sezer, 10th President of Turkey

● 1941 - David Clayton-Thomas, Canadian singer (Blood, Sweat & Tears)

● 1944 - Jacqueline Bisset, British actress

● 1944 - Peter Cetera, American musician (Chicago)

● 1945 - Noël Godin, Belgian humorist

● 1945 - Andres Küng, Swedish-Estonian politician, journalist (d. 2002)

● 1946 - Frank Marshall, American film producer

● 1948 - Nell Carter, American actress (d. 2003)

● 1948 - Dimitri Nanopoulos, Greek physicist

● 1949 - Fred Sonic Smith, American musician (MC5) (d. 1994)

● 1950 - Wlodzimierz Cimoszewicz, Polish politician

● 1951 - Jean Smart, American actress

● 1951 - Linda Wong, Asian adult actress (d. 1987)

● 1952 - Randy Jones, American musician (The Village People)

● 1952 - Raymond O'Connor, American actor

● 1952 - Don Was, American singer and record producer

● 1955 - Joe Morris, American musician

● 1956 - Geri Jewell, Actress, comedian ("Deadwood")

● 1957 - John G. Trueschler, American politician.

● 1957 - Vinny Appice, American musician (Black Sabbath, Dio, Heaven and Hell)

● 1960 - Greg Baldwin, American voiceover actor (Avatar: The Last Airbender)

● 1961 - Dave Mustaine, American musician (Megadeth)

● 1961 - KK Null, Japanese musician

● 1961 - Peter Roskam, Republican Congressman from Illinois

● 1961 - Bobbie Cryner, Country singer

● 1961 - Dave Mustaine, Rock singer, musician (Megadeth)

● 1962 - Tõnu Õnnepalu, Estonian poet and author

● 1965 - Zak Starkey, British musician

● 1965 - Annie Duke, American poker player

● 1966 - Maria Furtwängler, German physician

● 1966 - Louis Mandylor, Actor

● 1967 - Steve Perkins, Rock musician (Porno For Pyros; Jane's Addiction)

● 1967 - Michael Johnson, American athlete

● 1967 - Tim 'Ripper' Owens, American singer (Iced Earth, ex-Judas Priest)

● 1968 - Emma Sjöberg, Swedish model

● 1968 - Bernie Williams, Puerto Rican baseball player

● 1969 - Tyler Perry, American actor

● 1969 - Shane Warne, Australian cricketer

● 1970 - Louise Lombard, British actress ("CSI")

● 1970 - Jason Scott Sadofsky, American programmer

● 1970 - Yuki Matsuoka, Japanese voice actress

● 1971 - Goran Ivanišević, Croatian tennis player

● 1971 - Manabu Namiki, Japanese composer

● 1971 - Stella McCartney, English fashion designer

● 1973 - Christine Arron, French runner

● 1973 - Fabio Cannavaro, Italian footballer

● 1973 - Kelly Chen, Chinese singer

● 1973 - Marcelinho Paulista, Brazilian footballer

● 1973 - Aaron Benward, Country singer (Blue Country)

● 1974 - Craig Rivet, Canadian ice hockey player

● 1974 - Keith Murray, American rapper

● 1974 - Éric Lapointe, Canadian football player

● 1975 - Joe Don Rooney, American musician (Rascal Flatts)

● 1975 - Akihiro Asai, Japanese racing driver

● 1975 - Scott Vickaryous, Actor

● 1976 - Giorgos Koltzos, Greek footballer

● 1976 - Craig McMillan, New Zealand cricketer

● 1976 - José Théodore, Canadian ice hockey player

● 1977 - Fiona Apple, American singer

● 1977 - Ivan De Battista, Maltese Actor, singer and composer

● 1977 - Daisuke Tsuda, Japanese singer (Maximum the Hormone)

● 1978 - Megan Henning, American actress

● 1978 - Darren Kenton, English footballer

● 1979 - Geike Arnaert, Belgian singer (Hooverphonic)

● 1979 - Ivan Miljković, Serbian volleyball player

● 1980 - Han Chae Young, South Korean actress

● 1980 - Daisuke Matsuzaka, Japanese baseball player

● 1980 - Evangelos Nastos, Greek footballer

● 1980 - Viren Rasquinha, Indian field hockey player

● 1980 - Ben Savage, American actor ("Boy Meets World")

● 1980 - Michelle Nolan, American musician (Straylight Run)

● 1980 - Teppei Teranishi, American guitarist (Thrice)

● 1981 - Koldo Fernández, Spanish cyclist

● 1981 - Angel Williams, Canadian wrestler

● 1982 - Nenê, Brazilian basketball player

● 1982 - Rickie Weeks, American baseball player

● 1982 - Miha Zupan, Slovenian basketball player

● 1983 - James Bourne, English musician

● 1986 - Kamui Kobayashi, Japanese racing driver

● 1986 - Sean Williams, American basketball player

● 1987 - Luke Fitzgerald, Irish rugby union International

● 1988 - Keith Treacy, Irish footballer

● 1995 - Mitch Holleman, Actor ("Reba")


DEATHS

● 81 - Titus, Roman emperor (b. 39)

● 1321 - Dante Alighieri, Italian poet (b. 1265)

● 1438 - Duarte, King of Portugal (b. 1391)

● 1506 - Andrea Mantegna, Italian painter

● 1557 - John Cheke, English classical scholar and statesman (b. 1514)

● 1592 - Michel de Montaigne, French writer (b. 1533)

● 1598 - Philip II, King of Spain (b. 1526)

● 1632 - Leopold V, regent of the Tyrol (b. 1586)

● 1759 - James Wolfe, British general (b. 1727)

● 1766 - Benjamin Heath, English classical scholar (b. 1704)

● 1806 - Charles James Fox, English politician (b. 1749)

● 1808 - Saverio Bettinelli, Italian writer (b. 1718)

● 1813 - Hezqeyas of Ethiopia, deposed Emperor of Ethiopia

● 1847 - Nicolas Oudinot, French marshal (b. 1767)

● 1872 - Ludwig Andreas Feuerbach, German philosopher (b. 1804)

● 1881 - Ambrose Burnside, American Civil War general and politician (b. 1824)

● 1885 - Friedrich Kiel, Austrian composer (b. 1821)

● 1894 - Emmanuel Chabrier, French composer (b. 1841)

● 1904 - Raden Ayu Kartini, Indonesian national heroine (b. 1879)

● 1905 - René Goblet, French politician (b. 1828)

● 1912 - Maresuke Nogi, Japanese general (b. 1849)

● 1915 - Andrew L. Harris, American Civil War hero and Governor of Ohio (b. 1835)

● 1928 - Italo Svevo, Italian author (b. 1861)

● 1946 - Eugene Lanceray, Russian painter (b. 1875)

● 1946 - Amon Göth, commandant of Nazi concentration camp (b. 1908)

● 1949 - August Krogh, Danish zoophysiologist, Nobel laureate (b. 1874)

● 1965 - Jean B. Fletcher, American architect (b. 1915)

● 1973 - Betty Field, American actress (b. 1913)

● 1976 - Albert Tessier, French Canadian priest, historian and film maker (b. 1895)

● 1976 - Armand Mondou, French Canadian ice hockey player (b. 1905)

● 1977 - Leopold Stokowski, English conductor (b. 1882)

● 1987 - Mervyn LeRoy, American film director (b. 1900)

● 1991 - Joe Pasternak, American film director (b. 1901)

● 1996 - Tupac Shakur, aka 2Pac, American rapper and actor (b. 1971)

● 1998 - Harry Lumley, Canadian ice hockey player (b. 1926)

● 1998 - George Wallace, American politician (b. 1919)

● 1999 - Benjamin Bloom, American educational theorist (b. 1913)

● 2001 - Dorothy McGuire, American actress (b. 1916)

● 2003 - Frank O'Bannon, Governor of Indiana (b. 1930)

● 2004 - Luis E. Miramontes, Mexican chemist, co-inventor of the combined oral contraceptive pill (b. 1925)

● 2005 - Toni Fritsch, Austrian football and American football player (b. 1945)

● 2005 - Julio César Turbay Ayala, Colombian politician (b. 1916)

● 2006 - Ann Richards, 46th Governor of Texas (b. 1933)


HOLIDAYS AND OBSERVANCES

● Roman Catholic:
● St. Amatus
● St. Columbinus
● St. Eulogius of Alexandria
● St. Euphebius
● St. John Chrysostom, bishop & doctor
● St. Ligorius
● Sts. Macrobius & Julian
● St. Maurilius
● St. Nectarius
● St. Philip
● St. Venerius

● Russian Orthodox Christian Menaion Calendar for August 31 (Civil Date: September 13)
● The Placing of the Cincture (Sash) of the Most Holy Theotokos.
● Hieromartyr Cyprian, Bishop of Carthage.
● St. Gennadius Scholarius, Patriarch of Constantinople.
● St. John, Metropolitan of Kiev.

● Greek Calendar:
● Four Martyrs of Perge in Pamphylia.
● Martyrs Menas, Fausus, Andrew and Heraclius.
● Martyr Phileortus.
● Martyr Diadoch.
● Eight Virgin Martyrs of Gaza.
● 366 Martyrs of Nicomedia.

● Anglican:
● St. Cyprian, bishop & martyr of Carthage

● Lutheran:
● St. John Chrysostom, bishop & doctor

● Roman festivals - epulum Iovis ("banquet of Jupiter"), on the Ides, during the Ludi Romani.

● Pennsylvania - John Barry Day (1803)

● Rhodesia - Pioneer Day (1923)

● World - Dante Alighieri Day

● These Holidays are only applicable on a given "day of the week"
● Hispanics : National Hispanic Heritage Week - ( Sunday )
● US : National Grandparents' Day - ( Sunday )
● Afghanistan : National Assembly Foundation Day (1964) - ( Wednesday )
● Scotland : Fisherman's Walk Day - ( Friday )



Click on this LINK to see original Wikipedia list with many having links with details.

Additional facts taken from:


On this day in the New York Times

The BBC’s Take on the day

On This Day Website

Geov Parrish's this Day in Radical History, things that happened on this day that you never had to memorize in school.

Scope Systems Any Day Website

Roman Catholic Saint of the Day

Russian Orthodox Christian Menaion Calendar

Liberal Quotes of the Day taken from The Best Liberal Quotes Ever: Why the Left Is Right Compiled by William P. Martin ©2004

Quotes from the Right of the Day taken from Take Them at Their Words: Startling, Amusing and Baffling Quotations from the GOP and Their Friends, 1994-2004 Compiled by Bruce J. Miller with Diana Maio ©2004

Dumbest Thing Said for the Day taken from 1001 Dumbest Things Ever Said Edited by Steven D. Price ©2004


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